Latest Publications
21 Apr 2021 Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education
Commognitive conflicts as a learning mechanism towards explorative pedagogical discourse
Talli Nachlieli, Einat Heyd-Metzuyanim
This paper focuses on the discourse of teachers and instructors in a TEAMS (Teaching Exploratively for All Mathematics Students) professional development (PD) setting and on the discursive mechanisms that afford such learning. We conceptualize learning in this PD as a change in a teacher's pedagogical discourse—from alignment with Delivery Pedagogical Discourse (DPD)show more
14 Apr 2021 Interactive Learning Environments
Interface and interaction design for an online, asynchronous peer instruction tool
Letitia Englund, Firas Moosvi, Ido Roll
This article describes the design and evaluation of an online, asynchronous tool that mirrors the beneficial peer instruction process currently conducted in face-to-face classrooms. In the online Peer Instruction tool, students respond to a multiple-choice question with an answer and explanation. They are then exposed to peer responses to the same question. Finallyshow more
2 Apr 2021 Thinking Skills and Creativity
An Integrative Conceptual Model of Innovation and Innovative Thinking Based on a Synthesis of a Literature Review
Innovation is an engine of growth and an important 21st-century competency. The cognitive process that leads to innovation is conceptualized as innovative thinking. The literature presents many non-unified definitions of innovation, and several definitions of innovative thinking, most of which are very general and are grounded in specific disciplines. Addressing thisshow more
2 Apr 2021 International Journal of Science Education
Motivation to teach a non-mandatory learning-unit on energy efficiency and renewable energy
Keren Mintz, Tali Tal, O Ayalon
In this research, we investigate the implementation of a non-mandatory learning-unit on renewable energy in elementary schools in Israel. The research focuses on the effect of teachers’ attitudes toward energy conservation and the efficient use of energy, as well as on the effects of contextual factors on teaching the programme. Mixed methods were used for data collectionshow more
30 Mar 2021 Studies in Educational Evaluation
Perceptions of STEM alumni and students on developing 21st century skills through methods of teaching and learning
21st century skills are essential for career readiness. We investigated the development of students’ 21st century skills at a science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) research university: Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. We designed a self-reporting questionnaire covering 14 skills and deployed it to approximately 1500 students and alumnishow more
25 Mar 2021 Journal of Science Education and Technology
Choosing Chemistry at Different Education and Career Stages: Chemists, Chemical Engineers, and Teachers
Gabriella Shwartz, Or Shav-Artza, Yehudit Judy Dori
In response to the realization that qualified applicants’ choice of a career in chemistry is declining, we investigated the factors involved in chemistry and chemical education career choice. Building on the social cognitive theory (SCT) and the social cognitive career theory (SCCT), this research examines the personal, environmental, and behavioral factors influencingshow more
15 Mar 2021 JAMA Pediatrics
Development of an Eco-Biodevelopmental Model of Emergent Literacy Before Kindergarten: A Review.
John S Hutton, Thomas G DeWitt, Lauren Hoffman, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Perri Klass
Importance Literacy has been described as an important social determinant of health. Its components emerge in infancy and are dependent on genetic, medical, and environmental factors. The American Academy of Pediatrics advocates a substantial role for pediatricians in literacy promotion, developmental surveillance, and school readiness to promote cognitive, relationalshow more
14 Mar 2021 Educating Engineers for Future Industrial Revolutions
What Drives Sophomore Students to Study Electrical Engineering? The Case of Danish and Israeli Students
Aharon Gero, Anna Friesel
Successful implementation of future industrial revolutions requires, inter alia, well-trained engineers. However, the Western world is suffering from an ongoing shortage in engineers. Fostering academic motivation plays a major role in the efforts to reduce dropouts among engineering students. Therefore, the study described here was aimed to map and analyse the motivationalshow more
9 Mar 2021 15th International Technology, Education and Development Conference
Two-Tier Multiple-Choice Questions In Electrical Engineering: Students’ Attitudes
Aharon Gero, Yinnon Stav
The standard multiple-choice test is a common summative assessment instrument in science and engineering education. This tool has both advantages (e.g., objectivity and fast automated marking) and disadvantages (e.g., evaluating only lower-order thinking skills). A possible solution to the weakness mentioned above is the use of two-tier multiple-choice questions. In ashow more
3 Mar 2021 SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education
A Microlearning Online Framework for Teaching Programming Basics
This lightning talk describes the authors' initiative to deliver effective and enjoyable online learning of programming-basics to middle-school and beyond students with no programming background. With the COVID-19 long-term implications that have driven school systems to online learning, students face new challenges as they struggle to maintain their focus during longshow more
3 Mar 2021 SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education
How Can Computer Science Educators Benefit from Data Science Education?
Data science in an emerging interdisciplinary field integrating knowledge and skills from computer science, statistics, and an application domain. The contribution of computer science education to the field of data science education is therefore evident. As computer science educators, however, we can benefit from adapting concepts and methods of data science educationshow more
3 Mar 2021 SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education
Teaching Machine Learning to Computer Science Preservice Teachers: Human vs. Machine Learning
Machine learning is a fast-growing field with various applications in artificial intelligence and data science. Recently, a new machine learning program have been integrated into the Israeli high school computer science curriculum and thus we added a new machine learning module to the Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, which is part of the teachers'show more
3 Mar 2021 SIGCSE '21: Proceedings of the 52nd ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education
The CS-orona Initiative: Fulfilling the Organizational Needs of Israeli High School Computer Science Teachers during the Corona Pandemic
Rachel Perlman, Hagit Cohen, Orit Hazzan
This experience report focuses on the community of Israeli high school computer science (CS) teachers during the corona pandemic. Like most educational systems worldwide, which were suddenly shut down during the outbreak of the corona pandemic, the Israeli education system was closed from March 12, 2020 until the end of the school year. However, since the national CSshow more
23 Feb 2021 Brain Research
Greater reading gain following intervention is associated with low magnetic resonance spectroscopy derived concentrations in the anterior cingulate cortex in children with dyslexia.
Kim M Cecil, Kelly J Brunst, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
Background/Objective The “neural noise” hypothesis suggests that individuals with dyslexia have high glutamate concentrations associated with their reading challenges. Different reading intervention programs have showed low GLX (a combined measure for glutamine and glutamate obtained with in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy) in association with reading improvementshow more
16 Feb 2021 Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era
Measuring Motivation in Learning Management System
Miri Barhak-Rabinowitz, Yael Erez, Ido Roll
Usually, motivation for learning is measured using self-report surveys (Fulmer & Frijters ,2009). However, trace-data from Learning Management System (LMS) enable a new view into the learning process, thereby creating fertile ground for measuring learner motivation. Chen and Jang (2010) discovered that there were no significant correlations between learning motivationshow more
16 Feb 2021 Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era
Science, Maddá and 'Ilm: Differences in the Quality of Scientific Information Available to Internet Users in Three Languages
סיינס, מדע ועילם: הבדלים באיכות המידע המדעי הזמין למשתמשי האינטרנט בשלוש שפות
לשימוש באינטרנט יש פוטנציאל לצמצום האי-שיוויון בתחום האוריינות המדעית ובתחומים נוספים. למרות זאת, מוסיפים להתקיים פערים דיגיטליים בגישה לאינטרנט, בשימוש בו ובתוצאות החברתיות הנובעות מכך. בין היתר, "הפער הלשוני" (the language divide) קובע באופן חלקי את מידת ההצלחה של משתמשים בשימוש באינטרנט בהתבסס על מידת שליטתם בשפות, ובמיוחד באנגלית, שכן זוהי השפה הדומיננטית באינטרנט. במחקר זה ביקשנו לבחון האם איכות המידע המדעי הזמין למשתמשי האינטרנט משתנה בין שפות. לשם כך השווינו תוצאות חיפושים למונחי יסוד בתחומי המדעים באנגלית, בעברית ובערבית. אספנו רשימה של שלושים מונחים בכל שפה שהתייחסו לשלושה תחומי דעת: פיזיקה, כימיה וביולוגיה. אספנו את תוצאות החיפוש מ-Google Search והערכנו את איכותן של שבע התוצאות הראשונות (סה"כ n = 630). הממצאים מלמדים שלתוצאות החיפושים באנגלית יש איכות גבוהה יותר מלתוצאות בעברית ובערבית, אך בעיקר בהיבטים הפדגוגיים, ולא בהיבטים המדעיים. כאשר בוצע לתוצאות החיפוש ניתוח אשכולות (cluster analysis) מסוג LDA בניסיון להפריד את התוצאות לפי שפה, התקבלה הפרדה טובה יותר מאשר ההפרדה שהתקבלה בניתוח אשכולות לפי תחום דעת. ממצא זה מלמד על קיומו של "פער לשוני" בגישה לתכנים מדעיים בקרב תלמידים מאותה המדינה. אנו טוענים כי על הקהילות המדעיות והחינוכיות לפעול לצמצומו של פער זה.
The internet is a source of information with potential to alleviate inequality in general and specifically with respect to science literacy. Nevertheless, digital divides persist in online access and use and in subsequent social outcomes. Among these, the "language divide" partly determines how successful users are in their internet use depending on their proficiencyshow more
16 Feb 2021 Proceedings of the 16th Chais Conference for the Study of Innovation and Learning Technologies: Learning in the Digital Era
Teachers Uncover the Potential of 3D Printing Activities to Promote Analytical and Applied Mathematical Skills
Educators concur that schools should prepare students for the digital transformation era. 3D printing is a disruptive digital technology that can be integrated into education as a learning subject as well as educational technology. The potential of 3D design and printing (3DP) activities for learning different subjects and developing higher-order thinking skills isshow more
8 Feb 2021 European Physical Journal B
Roles of cooperative effects and disorder in photon localization: the case of a vector radiation field
Louis Bellando, Aharon Gero, Eric Akkermans, Robin Kaiser
We numerically study photon escape rates from three-dimensional atomic gases and investigate the respective roles of cooperative effects and disorder in photon localization, while taking into account the vectorial nature of light. A scaling behavior is observed for the escape rates, and photons undergo a crossover from delocalization toward localization as the opticalshow more
4 Feb 2021 Science and Engineering Ethics
Applying a Social Constructivist Approach to an Online Course on Ethics of Research.
The growing trend of shifting from classroom to distance learning in ethics education programs raises the need to examine ways for adapting best instructional practices to online modes. To address this need, the current study was set to apply a social constructivist approach to an online course in research ethics and to examine its effect on the learning outcomes ofshow more
4 Feb 2021 Pediatrics
Validation of The Reading House and Association With Cortical Thickness.
John S Hutton, Jonathan A Dudley, Guixia Huang, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Thomas G DeWitt, Richard F Ittenbach, Scott K Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends literacy and school readiness promotion during well visits. The Reading House (TRH) is a children’s book–based screener of emergent literacy skills in preschool-aged children. Vocabulary, rhyming, and rapid naming are core emergent skills, and reading abilities are associated with thicker cortexshow more
4 Feb 2021 F1000Research
Worldviews of science teachers in educational-technological context as a key factor in digitalization of teaching practices
Background: This research deals with science teachers' worldviews in the educational-technological context. Obtaining a deeper insight into teachers' discourse regarding school digitalization and understanding teachers' worldviews in the educational-technological context may be viewed as crucially important since the latter tends to play a central role in the processshow more
1 Feb 2021 Journal of Education for Teaching
Examining future-oriented discourse within reflective narratives as professional identity development for student teachers
Despite a growing awareness of the importance of future-oriented reflective practices among teacher-education researchers, there is a gap in the literature regarding the question of whether and in what way these kinds of written reflections promote the development of student teachers’ professional identity. To fill this gap, the current study aims to explore theshow more
26 Jan 2021 Educational Studies in Mathematics
Mathematical modeling of tech-related real-world problems for secondary school-level mathematics
The use of authentic real-world problems that reflect the applied nature of mathematics is not prevalent in formal secondary school settings. In this study, we explore the interface between workplace mathematics, particularly tech-related real-world (TRW) problems, and school mathematics, through the explication of mathematical modeling. The research questions are (1)show more
24 Jan 2021 International Journal of Environmental and Science Education
Expressions of science literacy in online public discussions of animal experimentation
ביטויים של אוריינות מדעית בטוקבקים לסיקור של ניסויים בבעלי חיים

בלב החזון של החינוך המדעי לאזרחות מושכלת עומדת האורינות המדעית. המשגות עדכניות מציעות להגדיר אותה בהתאם ליישום בחיי יומיום. במחקר זה אופיינו ביטויים של אוריינות מדעית בדיונים אותנטיים בסביבה מקוונת, באתר חדשות מוביל בישראל. נערך ניתוח תוכן של ביטויי אוריינות מדעית בכתבות העוסקות בסוגיית ניסויים בבעלי חיים לאורך שנה, ותגובות קוראים שהתעוררו בעקבותיהן. תכניות הלימודים בישראל שימשו כמסגרת אנליטית, הכוללת ידע מדעי, תפיסות אודות מהות המדע וכישורי חקר. נמצא שיותר ממחצית מהמושגים שהופיעו בכתבות ובתגובות היו ברמה תיכונית ואקדמית. רמה זו גבוהה מרמת לימודי החובה במדעים. מאחר ובמחקר זה אופיינה רמת הידע המשמש בסוגיות הנידונות, בעקבות כתבות חדשותיות, עולה שאלת הרלוונטיות של הוראת מדעים ברמת לימודי החובה, אשר בישראל אינם כוללים לימודי מדע בתיכון, לאפשרות למעורבות מושכלת של בוגרי מערכת החינוך בשיח ציבורי. נמצא גם שהתפלגות רמת המושגים המדעיים בתגובות הקוראים לסוגית הניסויים בבעלי חיים מצויה במתאם של 0.96 לרמת המושגים בכתבות. תגובות התומכות בניסויים בבעלי חיים ביטאו רמה גבוהה יותר של מושגים מדעיים. תפיסות אודות מהות המדע השתנו בתכנים בהתאם לעמדות: בתגובות התומכות בניסויים בבעלי חיים נמצאו יותר היבטים מחקריים, כגון האופן שבו נבנה ומתפתח ידע מדעי, ואילו התגובות המתנגדות לניסויים בבעלי חיים התייחסו להיבטים החברתיים של מהות המדע. ביטויים אלו מהדהדים הבדלים בתפיסות העולם וחוסר אמון במדענים. המחקר מציע שהוראה המכוונת למעורבות ציבורית מושכלת במדע מחייבת שילוב מפורש של היבטים מחקריים וחברתיים של מהות המדע.

Recent conceptualizations of science literacy, a key aim of contemporary science education, suggest defining it as a function of actual uses of science in daily life. We characterize expressions of science literacy in online authentic public discourse, using content analysis of a year’s worth of widely-read Israeli online news site coverage of animal experimentationshow more
24 Jan 2021 Book: Theorizing and Measuring Affect in Mathematics Teaching and Learning
Identity Research in Mathematics Education: Reifications Within Multiple Theoretical Viewpoints
Einat Heyd-Metzuyanim, Mellony Graven
In this chapter, we provide a conceptual overview of the field of identity in mathematics education based on a recent State of the Art review and our co-editing of a collection of 15 papers in this field, published in ZDM in 2019. We take as our starting point Sfard and Prusak (Educ Res 34(4):14–22, 2005) definition of identity as a collection of reified, significantshow more
12 Jan 2021 Computers in Education
Active learning with online video: The impact of learning context on engagement
Kyoungwon Seo, Samuel Dodson, Negar M Harandi, Nathan Roberson, Sidney Fels, Ido Roll
למידה פעילה עם וידאו: כיצד ההקשר בקורס משפיע על תהליך הלימוד?

מחקר זה בחן את ההשפעה של ההקשר הלימודי על מעורבות הסטודנטים בזמן למידה מוידאו בקורסים מקוונים ומשולבים.
המחקר התמקד בפעילות הווידיאו של הסטודנטים עם ViDeX, נגן היפר-וידיאו התומך בהערות והדגשות באתר. מערכת למידה חדשנית זו נמצאת כאן.
הניסוי הראשון כלל סקר סטודנטים. בסקר אותרו שמונה יעדי מעורבות: שיקוף, סימון, זכירה, הבהרה, רפרוף, חיפוש, התמצאות, והפסקה.
ניסוי שני כלל ניתוח כמותי של תהליך הלמידה של מאות סטודנטים במספר קורסים. בעזרת שיטות כריית נתונים בלמידה (learning analytics), העקבות של למידת הסטודנטים נותחו. נמצא כי התלמידים משתמשים בסרטונים בצורה הרבה יותר אדפטיבית בקורסים מקוונים מאשר בקורסים המשלבים למידה מקוונת ולמידה פנים אל פנים (היברידיים).
במקביל, המחקר מצביע על הקושי שבזיהוי מטרות למידה מתוך נתוני עקבות למידה.

Learning with online video is pervasive in higher education. Recent research has explored the importance of student engagement when learning with video in online and blended courses. However, little is known about students’ goals and intents when engaging with video. Furthermore, there is limited empirical evidence on the impact of learning context on engagement withshow more
12 Jan 2021 International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Excellence in Mathematics in Secondary School and Choosing and Excelling in STEM Professions over Significant Periods in Life
Excellent Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) employees are in constant demand worldwide. The current study explores Israeli students’ choices to study and pursue careers in STEM fields, while students’ level of excellence in mathematics in secondary school is explored as a predictor for choosing a STEM track in future study and employment, as wellshow more
7 Jan 2021 Robotics
Exploring Robot Connectivity and Collaborative Sensing in a High-School Enrichment Program
Igor M Verner, Dan Cuperman, Michael Reitman
Education is facing challenges to keep pace with the widespread introduction of robots and digital technologies in industry and everyday life. These challenges necessitate new approaches to impart students at all levels of education with the knowledge of smart connected robot systems. This paper presents the high-school enrichment program Intelligent Robotics and Smartshow more
5 Jan 2021 International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education
Lesson Plans as a Mirror: A Close Look at Planning of Work with Underachieving Students
Raisa Guberman, Dina Tsybulsky
The study investigates mathematics lesson plans that teachers produced for re-teaching purposes. Its goal is to determine which aspects of mathematics-content knowledge are expressed in lesson plans on the topic of fractions prepared by primary math teachers and intended for underachieving students, and to see how these aspects are manifested. The data were gathered inshow more
22 Dec 2020 NeuroImage: Clinical
Greater functional connectivity within the cingulo-opercular and ventral attention networks is related to better fluent reading: A resting-state functional connectivity study
Executive functions are higher-order cognitive abilities that affect many of our daily actions, including reading. A two-system model for cognitive control comprises a bottom-up system composed of the dorsal and ventral attention networks and a more evolved top-down system involving the frontoparietal and cingulo-opercular networks. We examined both within- andshow more
14 Dec 2020 Asia-Pacific Science Education
Inequity and Cultural Differences in Out-of-School Science Education: The Case of the Arab Minority in Israel
This paper examines the gap between Jewish and Arab students in Israel in the context of learning in informal environments. I attempted to understand whether the difference is a matter of inequity in terms of resource allocation and opportunities provided to the schools. I present the socio-historical-political context and the current situation, based on formal documentsshow more
10 Dec 2020 Journal of Research in Science Teaching
Engaging the hands, heads, and hearts in a medical simulation informal learning environment
Tali Tal, Sameer Dallashe
We investigated the characteristics of a medical simulation‐based informal learning environment (MSBE) of a science center—an environment not yet studied—to understand its uniqueness and its impact on visiting students. In the MSBE, students interact with, and operate, sophisticated simulators which demonstrate a range of medical situations. Visiting students comprisedshow more
4 Dec 2020 Physical Review Physics Education Research
Teaching nonscience majors about electromagnetic radiation
[This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Curriculum Development: Theory into Design.] We discuss the theoretical underpinnings that informed the considerations and decisions that shaped the design of a curriculum unit entitled “Electromagnetic radiation—principles, applications, and decisions”. This unit is part (45 h) of the compulsory general science requirementshow more
1 Dec 2020 European Journal of Engineering Education
Interrelations between systems thinking and abstract thinking: the case of high-school electronics students
Aharon Gero, Aziz Shekh-Abed, Orit Hazzan
Systems thinking and abstract thinking are important skills for engineers in general and hardware and software engineers in particular. Systems thinking emphasises the interdependence of system components and their synergy. Abstract thinking permits one to focus on the significant details of the current perspective, while temporarily neglecting the less relevant detailsshow more
24 Nov 2020 Thinking Skills and Creativity
A cultural perspective to project-based learning and the cultivation of innovative thinking
Studies on higher-order thinking skills advocate the importance of cultivating innovative thinking through project-based learning (PBL); yet, little attention was paid to students’ cultural background. Given the increase in international student mobility, the aim of this study was to examine the role of PBL in cultivating innovative thinking as perceived by internationalshow more
19 Nov 2020 Koli Calling'20: Proceedings of the 20th Koli Calling International Conference on Computing Education Research
Equalizing Data Science Curriculum for Computer Science Pupils
Data science is a new interdisciplinary field of research that focuses on extracting value from data. As an interdisciplinary science it integrates knowledge and methods from computer science, mathematics and statistics, and the domain knowledge of the data. As data science is still forming as a domain, several points of view exist on how to teach data science. Theshow more
11 Nov 2020 ICERI2020 Proceedings
Electronics Students’ Attitudes Toward An Interdisciplinary Course On Medical Ultrasound Systems
Aharon Gero, Itschak Shlomo
Systems thinking focuses on the ability to understand the interrelations between the system’s components. Nowadays, considerable actions are being taken to foster systems thinking in engineering students. However, activities to develop it among two-year technology students are relatively limited. As one of the recommended instruments for promoting systems thinking isshow more
5 Nov 2020 Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Mathematics for Computer Science: A Flipped Classroom with an Optional Project
The Mathematics for Computer Science mandatory course was conducted in a flipped classroom (FC) setting with an optional, voluntary, project-based learning (PBL) component. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of studying in an FC setting, with and without PBL, on students’ problem-solving performance, conceptual understanding, and affective perceptionsshow more
4 Nov 2020 Journal of Science Communication
Engagement styles in an environmental citizen science project
צורות מעורבות בפרוייקט מדע אזרחי סביבתי

מאמר זה מזהה את הדרכים המגוונות בהן משתתפים עוסקים במדע, באמצעות פרויקט מדע אזרחי בודד. באמצעות שימוש בנתונים ממקורות מגוונים, אנו מתארים את הפעילויות השונות המתבצעות על ידי מדענים אזרחיים בפרויקט איכות האוויר, ומאפיינים את המוטיבציות המניעות אותם להשתתפות. הממצאים חושפים מספר תמות המעידות על המוטיבציות וצורות המעורבות של המשתתפים; תושבים מודאגים, חינוך והסברה, פעולות סביבתיות, עניין אישי ומעורבות מזדמנת. המחקר ממחיש את יחסי הגומלין בין תחומי תקשורת המדע והמדע האזרחי וקורא לטפח מערכת יחסים זו.

This paper identifies the diverse ways in which participants engage with science, through the same citizen science project. Using multiple data sources, we describe various activities conducted by citizen scientists in an air quality project, and characterize the motivations driving their engagement. Findings reveal several themes, indicative of participants motivationsshow more
29 Oct 2020 International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Valued Actions and Identities of Giftedness in a Mathematical Camp.
This study follows a mathematical camp for high-school students identified as gifted, and examines it with a socio-cultural lens. Our goal is to examine the identities of students in the camp and the valued actions according to which these identities were authored, both by the students and by their instructors. Data was collected from three rounds of summer camp sessionsshow more
22 Oct 2020 Applied Sciences
STEM Graduate Students’ Systems Thinking, Modeling and Scientific Understanding-The Case of Food Production
חשיבה מערכתית - מידול והבנה מדעית בקרב סטודנטים לתארים מתקדמים בדגש על ייצור מזון וקיימות

כישורי מידול קונספטואלי (Modeling), חשיבה מערכתית (Systems thinking) והבנה מדעית, הן מיומנויות הנחוצות לצורך הבנת תהליכים מורכבים כמו תהליכי ייצור מזון. מטרת המחקר הייתה להעריך את תרומתן של מיני-יחידות לימוד בנושאי מזון לכישורי החשיבה המערכתית, המידול וההבנה המדעית של סטודנטים לתארים מתקדמים הלומדים בפקולטה לחינוך בטכניון. 

במחקר זה, שערכו אקירי, טל, פרץ, דורי ודורי (2020), מומחי STEM  בנו מודלים קונספטואליים המתארים את ניטור הערכים התזונתיים בדגי קוד באמצעות שימוש במתודולוגיית עצם-תהליך (OPM). בהתבסס על מודלים אלו, פותחו ארבע מיני-יחידות לימוד מקוונות העוסקות בתהליכי ייצור מזון. משתתפי המחקר, 15 סטודנטים לתואר שני במקצועות ה-STEM,  מורים או פרחי הוראה, ענו על יחידות הלימוד והכינו פרויקט סיום.
כלי המחקר כללו: קבוצת מיקוד של מומחי STEM, שאלוני מיני-יחידות הלימוד, פרויקט סיום  ורפלקציות. כמו כן, פותחו ותוקפו מחוונים למידול קונספטואלי ולאוריינות. מצאנו הבדל מובהק בציוני החשיבה המערכתית והמידול בין משתתפים בעלי ניסיון במידול לבין משתתפים חסרי ניסיון כזה. לתפיסת המשתתפים, למידה בהקשר של ייצור מזון וקיימות תרמה לפיתוח כישורי המידול והחשיבה המערכתית שלהם. תרומת המחקר היא בשילוב בין יצור מזון ומידול קונספטואלי לצורך פיתוח כישורי חשיבה מערכתית, מידול והבנה מדעית של תהליכי מזון וקיימות בקרב מורי STEM.

Modeling and systems thinking skills, as well as scientific understanding, are necessary for comprehending complex, food-related processes. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of food-related learning units on graduate students’ systems thinking and modeling skills, as well as on their understanding of science, technology, engineering, and mathematicsshow more
19 Oct 2020 Science Communication
Public Engagement With Science Among Religious Minorities: Lessons From COVID-19
While scholars have highlighted how science communication reifies forms of structural inequality, especially race and gender, we examine the challenges science communication pose for religious minorities. Drawing on the disproportionate magnitude of COVID-19-related morbidity on Israel’s Ultra-Orthodox Jews, we examined their processes of COVID-19 health decision makingshow more
18 Oct 2020 Journal of Information Technology Education : Innovations in Practice
Students’ Awareness and Embracement of Soft Skills by Learning and Practicing Teamwork
Noa Ragonis, Orit Hazzan, Gadi Har-Shai
Aim/Purpose This paper presents a study about changes in computer science and software engineering students’ perceptions of their soft skills during their progress through the Computer Science Soft Skills course. Background Soft skills are often associated with a person’s social, emotional and cognitive capabilities. Soft skills are increasingly sought out and are wellshow more
9 Oct 2020 Robotics
The Effect of the FIRST Robotics Program on Its Graduates
השפעת תוכנית הרובוטיקה FIRST על בוגריה

התוכנית For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology  (FIRST) המיועדת לתלמידים בגילאים מגוונים, משלבת למידה מבוססת פרויקטים (PBL) ורובוטיקה. הנחיית התלמידים נעשית על-ידי מנטורים, רובם מהנדסים. מטרת מחקר זה היא לאפיין ולהעריך את השפעתה של תכנית FIRST על בוגריה בנוגע למסוגלות עצמית, כישורים רכים ובחירת קריירה במדע, טכנולוגיה, הנדסה ומתמטיקה (STEM). משתתפי המחקר כללו 297 בוגרי FIRST, שהגיבו לשאלונים וראיונות עם חמישה מהם. ניתוח הנתונים הראה כי תכנית FIRST שיפרה את כישוריהם הרכים של הבוגרים כמו ניהול זמן, כישורי עבודת צוות ומסוגלות עצמית, וכן השפיעה על בחירת קריירה בתחומי ה-STEM. הגורמים העיקריים המשפיעים על בחירת הקריירה של הבוגרים היו חשיפתם לרובוטיקה ולמומחים מהתעשייה. התרומה התיאורטית היא לתיאוריה הקוגניטיבית החברתית (SCT) בהקשר לתכנית FIRST. המחקר שלנו מסביר את בחירת הקריירה של התלמידים באמצעות מתאמים בין שאיפות התלמידים לבחירת קריירה, מסוגלות העצמית, כישוריהם הרכים והבחירה בפועל. התרומה המעשית טמונה בהבנה טובה יותר של תוכניות רובוטיקה והרחבת כוח העבודה בתחומי ה-STEM.

The program For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) for young students incorporates project-based learning (PBL) with designing and building wireless-controlled robots. The students are guided by experts, mostly engineers. The FIRST organization determines the theme of the robot annual competition. The goal of this research is to characterizeshow more
Oct 2020 Neuropsychologia
Children with dyslexia utilize both top-down and bottom-up networks equally in contextual and isolated word reading
Introduction Executive functions (EF) include cognitive processes that support learning and reading. Children with dyslexia experience challenges with both reading and reading comprehension. The neurobiological support for EF deficits during reading comprehension, however, has yet to be defined. Here we aimed to identify the neural networks related to EF during ashow more
Oct 2020 International Journal of Engineering Education
Exploring Affordances of Robot Manipulators in an Introductory Engineering Course
In this paper, we report on our experience to develop a way for exposing industrial engineering (IE) students, already in their first year of studies, to the challenges of industrial robot operation. We implemented a workshop in which students performed spatial manipulation tasks, using a conventional robot Scorbot-ER5 and a modern Baxter. The goal of our study was toshow more
30 Sep 2020 IEEE Transactions on Education
Assessing Novelty and Systems Thinking in Conceptual Models of Technological Systems
Contribution: The authors present a methodology for assessing both novelty and systems thinking, as expressed in the same conceptual models constructed by graduate engineering students. Background: Companies worldwide seek employees with creativity and systems thinking, since solving design problems requires both skills. Novelty and usefulness are the most commonlyshow more
23 Sep 2020 Science & Education
Guiding Physics Teachers by Following in Galileo’s Footsteps
Many physics learners take the specific mathematical representations they are using as part of their learning and doing physics for granted. The paper addresses this problem by highlighting two goals. The first is to show how a historical investigation from history of science can be transformed into a concrete lesson plan in physics, in a physics teacher educationshow more
17 Sep 2020 Teaching and Teacher Education
The validity and reliability of a tool for measuring educational innovative thinking competencies
Abstract The study’s purpose was to develop a valid and reliable tool for measuring innovative thinking competencies with reference to education. The tool development was guided by the cognitive, experiential, and sociocultural theories. The validity and reliability of the tool were established using quantitative methods through three main stages: Content validity byshow more
14 Sep 2020
Book review: John L Rudolph, How We Teach Science: What’s Changed, and Why It Matters
‘Public perceptions of the intricacies of scientific process are central to determining where the legitimate exercise of expert judgment leaves off and the rightful expression of public preferences regarding science research policy begins’ (p. 7–8), writes John Rudolph in this important work. He tackles why scientists are so invested in the school teaching of scienceshow more
14 Sep 2020
Israel: Developed Science, developing Science Communication
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Daniela Orr, Avital Baer, Erez S Garty, Yaela Naomi Golumbic, Maya Halevy, Eitan Krein, Adi Levi, Noam Leviatan, Neta Lipman, Ronen Mir, Ettay Nevo
ישראל: מדע מפותח, תקשורת מדע מתפתחת
פרק זה הינו חלק מהספר "מתקשרים מדע - זוית גלובלית" אשר מציג את ההסטוריה של תקשורת המדע ב-38 מדינות ברחבי העולם. הפרק סוקר את תחום תקשורת המדע בישראל מראשיתה ועד היום ומציג נקודות ציון חשובות בהסטוריה של התחום. הסקירה כוללת פירוט של מאמצים להפצת ידע מדעי באמצאות כלי התקשורת ורשתות חברתיות, פעילויות למעורבות הציבור במדע ויוזמות להשתתפות הציבור במדע. כמו כן, הפרק כולל סקירה של המחקר וההוראה של תחום תקשורת המדע בישראל.
Israel is a relatively young, small country, with highly developed innovative science and high-tech sectors (Getz, Buchnik and Zatcovetsky, 2020). The Israeli public takes great pride in Israeli science, technology and innovation and is convinced of their importance for national security, prosperity and quality of life (Yaar and Alkalai, 2010). In contrast to the publicshow more
4 Sep 2020 Child Psychiatry & Human Development
Longer Screen Vs. Reading Time is Related to Greater Functional Connections Between the Salience Network and Executive Functions Regions in Children with Reading Difficulties Vs. Typical Readers
Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, DiFrancesco Mark, Paige Greenwood, Elisha Scott, Jennifer Vannest, John S Hutton, Jon Dudley, Mekibib Altaye, Rola Farah
An adverse relationship between screen exposure time and brain functional/structural connectivity was reported in typically developing children, specifically related to neurobiological correlates of reading ability. As children with reading difficulties (RD) suffer from impairments in reading and executive functions (EF), we sought to determine the association betweenshow more
2 Sep 2020 The Physics Teacher
Physics in Chavruta - A Model for Supporting Early Career Teachers
We present a model of an induction program that supports early career physics teachers as well as experienced teachers who face new challenges in their teaching of physics. The model involves personal mentorship embedded in a teachers’ professional community of practice led by senior physics teachers and supported by a physics education research group. The program isshow more
2 Sep 2020 Eurasia Journal of mathematics, Science and Technology Education
Transition into Teaching: Second Career Teachers’ Professional Identity
Gabriella Shwartz, Yehudit Judy Dori
Using the identity lens as a theoretical framework, we studied 42 novice second career chemistry teachers, who had previously worked as chemists and participated in an alternative certification program (ACP) at a science and engineering research university. Our goal was to understand the transition process of these teachers into the teaching profession as they shapeshow more
1 Sep 2020 Green Schools Globally
Green schools in Israel: Multiple rationales and multiple action plans
Green schools in Israel are recognized as such by the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) according to a list of criteria related to the management of the school – e.g., reducing material consumption, recycling, energy efficiency, and to its environmental education (EE) curriculum. However, these requirements do not necessarily mean that a school will be viewedshow more
25 Aug 2020
Learning Aspects of Nature of Science Through Authentic Research Experiences
Elizabeth Edmondson, Stephen R Burgin, Dina Tsybulsky, Jennifer L Maeng
Authentic opportunities have the potential to support development of learners’ understanding of how scientists do their work. This chapter examines authentic classroom investigations, the use of modified primary literature, visits to authentic research labs, and research apprenticeships as models for this development. Strategies to help teachers at all levels implementshow more
20 Aug 2020 Public Understanding of Science
Jargon use in Public Understanding of Science papers over three decades
Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Orli Wolfson, Roy Yosef, Noam Chapnik, Adi Brill, Elad Segev
שימוש בז'רגון בעיתון “Public Unserstanding of Science” על פני שלושה עשורים

“Public Unserstanding of Science” (בתרגום לעברית: "הבנת הציבור את המדע") הוא עיתון מדעי בין-תחומי המשרת את קהילת תקשורת המדע – הן את החוקרים והן את העוסקים בתחום. 
מאמר זה סוקר ניתוח של קריאות (readability) וז'רגון של מאמרים שפורסמו בעיתון זה, במשך שלושת עשורי קיומו. מטרתנו לבדוק מגמות ושינויים בנגישות המאמרים לקהלים מגוונים. בדקנו את הנגישות של מאמרים שפורסמו ב- “Public Unserstanding of Science” בשנים 1999/2000 (סה"כ 47 מאמרים), 2009 (49 מאמרים) ו-2019 (65 מאמרים). הנגישות נבדקה על ידי מדדי קריאות (readability) ושימוש בז'רגון. הקריאות ירדה והשימוש בז'רגון עלה בהשוואה בין השנים 1999/2000 ובין שני העשורים הבאים. תוצאות אלו נצפו במאמרים ניסויים כמו גם לא ניסויים, ובכל חלקי המאמר כולל התקצירים. ניתוח מילים נדירות הראה ממצא נוסף. רוב המילים הנדירות שהופיעו במאמרים אינן חלק ממאגר מילים אקדמי כללי, וגם לא מז'רגון אופייני לתחום. נמצא כי רוב המילים הנדירות, הופיעו במאמר אחד בלבד. 
השפה של “Public Unserstanding of Science”  הפכה להיות פחות יומיומית. הדבר לא אומר שהשפה אינה מובנת לקהילת החוקרים הקוראים אותו, אולם יתכן שההשלכות משמעותיות יותר עבור קהלים כגון מתקשרי מדע בתחילת דרכם.

Public Understanding of Science is an interdisciplinary journal serving the scholarly community and practitioners. This article reports an analysis of the readability and jargon in articles published in Public Understanding of Science throughout its almost three decades of existence to examine trends in accessibility to diverse audiences. The accessibility of Publicshow more
17 Aug 2020 Educational Studies in Mathematics
Adapting a Professional Development Program for Cognitively Demanding Instruction across Shifting Contexts.
This study explored what was entailed in implementing a professional development (PD) designed in the United States (US) to a different, Israeli, context. To achieve this goal, the first step was empirically examining the effectiveness of such a PD using quantitative methods. We then examined which adaptations were made in the imported PD and at what level. Our studyshow more
16 Aug 2020 Journal of Research in Science Teaching
Forms of participation in an engineering maker-based inquiry in physics
This article discusses a case study of a pair of students mentored by a physics teacher as they engaged in a long‐term (15 months) engineering maker‐based inquiry (EMBI), a mandatory part of these students' formal learning of physics at the advanced high school level. We conceptualize the students' engagement as participating in a particular figured world, which isshow more
12 Aug 2020 Proceedings of the Seventh ACM Conference on Learning@ Scale
Artificial Intelligence for Video-based Learning at Scale
Kyoungwon Seo, Sidney Fels, Dongwook Yoon, Ido Roll, Samuel Dodson, Matthew Fong
Video-based learning (VBL) is widespread; however, there are numerous challenges when teaching and learning with video. For instructors, creating effective instructional videos takes considerable time and effort. For students, watching videos can be a passive learning activity. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to improve the VBL experience for studentsshow more
11 Aug 2020
A Holistic Approach to Incorporating Sustainability into Chemistry Education in Israel
Yael Shwartz, Emil Eidin, Debora Marchak, Miri Kesner, Neta Avraham Green, Eldad Marom, David Cahen, Avi Hofstein, Yehudit Judy Dori
Incorporating sustainability into chemistry education in Israel has been an ongoing endeavor for the last 25 years. In this chapter we introduce development, implementation, and research of six different educational initiatives: (1) Incorporating Industrial Chemistry into the teaching and learning of high school chemistry curriculum; (2) National Projects competition:show more
6 Aug 2020 Guide to Teaching Computer Science
Computational Thinking
This chapter focuses on computational thinking, recognized as one of the central twenty-first century skills. Computer science teachers should be familiar with computational thinking to build their own conception of its essence and central ideas for two main reasons: First, computational thinking is connected to computerized processes (but not only); second, computershow more
6 Aug 2020
Guide to teaching computer science - An Activity-Based Approach
This concise yet thorough textbook presents an active-learning model for the teaching of computer science. Offering both a conceptual framework and detailed implementation guidelines, the work is designed to support a Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, but may be applied to the teaching of any area of computer science at any level, from elementary schoolshow more
Aug 2020 The University of British Columbia
The SoTL Seed Program (2014-2020)
Adriana Briseno, Trish Varao-Sousa, Bruce Moghtader, Paulina Semenec, Ido Roll
The Institute for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISoTL) and the Centre for Teaching, Learning and Technology (CTLT) are home to the SoTL Seed program. In this report, we describe the program goals and strategies, provide an overview of its evolution since its inception in 2014, and offer an overview of its internal operations. In 2019, a formal programshow more
10 Jul 2020 Frontiers in Education
Self-Reported Reasons for Participating in Pro-environmental Citizen Science Activities: A Case Study of Butterfly Monitoring in Israel
הסיבות להשתתפות בפעילות פרו-סביבתית בהקשר של מדע אזרחי: חקר מקרה של ניטור פרפרים בישראל

המחקר הנוכחי בוחן את המאפיינים של מתנדבים שמשתתפים במדע האזרחי ואת הסיבות המובילות אותם להשתתף בפעילויות הקשורות לשימור טבע, ובפרט בניטור פרפרים. המחקר נערך בגישה של חקר מקרה וכלל שיטות איכותניות וכמותיות לאיסוף וניתוח הנתונים.  ממצאי המחקר מצביעים על מערכת מורכבת של הסיבות, לרוב פנימיות, המשקפות את רצונם של המשתתפים לתרום לחברה, להיפגש עם אנשים אחרים ולהגדיל את טווח הידע שלהם בנושא. יתרה מזאת, הממצאים מראים כי שישנם מאפיינים משותפים של מתנדבי במדעי אזרחי, שכללו התבגרות בסביבה כפרית ומפגש עם דמויות ו/או אירועים משמעותיים שהובילו לאהבתם לטבע, לתחושת המחויבות החזקה שלהם למען הטבע, ורצונם לנקוט בצעדים פעילים לשימורו. אחת ההשלכות המרכזיות של המחקר הזה הינו החשיבות של שילוב של פעילויות פרו-סביבתיות במערכת החינוך.

The current study examines the common characteristics of citizen science volunteers and the factors that lead them to participate in pro-environmental conservation-related activities, specifically in monitoring butterflies. The research was conducted as a case study and involved the use of qualitative and quantitative methods for gathering and analyzing the data. Findingsshow more
6 Jul 2020 The 12th Annual International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (EDULEARN20)
Situated Escape Games: Facilitating Knowledge and awareness about Healthy Nutrition
Escape games are a new trend in game-based learning, which provides people with the opportunity to learn about science in an informal environment. Escape games are situated in settings that instigate interactions between the players and between them and the learning environment, and therefore correspond with the situated learning paradigm. As escape games are a relativelyshow more
25 Jun 2020 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON)
Fostering students’ analytical thinking and applied mathematical skills through 3D design and printing
The new standards for school mathematics and science education refer to analytical thinking (AT) as the target skill necessary to logically and systematically solve complex problems by their decomposition. The standards also point to the applied mathematical skills (AMS) needed to understand ill-defined problems, collect and quantify relevant data, and construct andshow more
25 Jun 2020 2020 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON)
Interdisciplinary Education - The Case of Biomedical Signal Processing
Interdisciplinary perspective on real-life problems is an important skill for 21st century engineers and should be a part of their education. Project-based learning (PBL) is a well-known pedagogical tool for interdisciplinary education. In order to successfully accomplish interdisciplinary learning, students must have sufficient knowledge in each of the separateshow more
22 Jun 2020 Journal of Research on Technology in Education
Digital curation for promoting personalized learning: A study of secondary-school science students’ learning experiences
אוצרות דיגיטלית כמקדמת למידה מותאמת אישית

אוֹצְרוּת דיגיטלית היא תהליך יצירה, ניהול ושימוש של חומרים דיגיטליים. פריטי תוכן דיגיטליים בתחום מסויים נאספים לכדי אוסף דיגיטלי.  האוצרות הדיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית מתייחסת ליצירת אוספים דיגיטליים שמשמשים לצרכי הוראה, למידה ופיתוח סביבות למידה. המאמר מציג מחקר שבדק את הדרכים בהם אוֹצְרוּת דיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית מקדמת את למידה מותאמת אישית, ואת חוויות הלמידה של התלמידים בתהליך זה. המחקר נערך במסגרת חינוך מדעי על-יסודי. התלמידים השתתפו במשך שלושה חודשים בפרויקט שכלל תהליך אוצרות של אוסף דיגיטלי אישי בנושא מדעי. איסוף וניתוח הנתונים נעשה באמצעות גישה איכותנית-פנומנולוגית. הממצאים הראו שתהליך האוצרות הדיגיטלית כפעולה לימודית תומכת בלמידה מותאמת אישית של לומדים: בחירת נושא  האוסף על פי עניין אישי ו/או רלוונטיות, בחירת מקורות המידע וסוג הפריטים שיתווספו לאוסף על פי רמת הידע האישית, דרכי הלמידה וצרכיו של הלומד ועוד. בנוסף, נמצא כי אוצרות דיגיטלית מספקת חוויות למידה אישיות, רגשיות וקוגניטיביות, המאפשרות ללומד להבנות אונטולוגית תוכן אישית.

The article presents a research study that examined the ways in which digital curation promotes personalized learning, as well as the students’ experiences of this learning process. The study was conducted in the context of K-12 education. Participants spent three months on a project that included curating a personalized digital collection. The study was conducted usingshow more
16 Jun 2020 Brain and Cognition
Parent-child joint reading is related to an increased fixation time on print during storytelling among preschool children
Print exposure in early childhood is related to linguistic skills such as oral language, reading comprehension and spelling during school years. A common way of exposing preschool children to print is during joint storytelling. Research has shown that total fixation time on print during storytelling is between 2% and 6% of the total fixation time on the book and is ashow more
11 Jun 2020 International Journal of Educational Management
Teacher's withdrawal behavior: examining the impact of principals' innovative behavior and climate of organizational learning
Rima'a Da'as, Abeer Watted, Miri Barak
The study aims to test an innovative model that explores the direct and indirect relationships between principals' innovative behavior, climate of organizational learning and a teacher's intent to leave his or her school and take a voluntary absence.,Data were collected from a survey of 1,529 teachers from 107 Arab elementary schools randomly selected from the databaseshow more
8 Jun 2020
Teaching CS undergrads online to work with others effectively
The Spring semester of 2020 will be re membered as the Corona semester. After a decade of teaching a classroom course on soft skills at the Technion(described in Hazzan and Har-Shai 1,2), I faced the challenge of teaching it online during the Corona semester (while on sabbatical at the Hebrew University ofJerusalem). At first, I wondered whether teaching soft skillsshow more
1 Jun 2020 Science and Engineering Ethics
Novice Researchers' Views About Online Ethics Education and the Instructional Design Components that May Foster Ethical Practice
The goal of the current study was to examine novice researchers’ views about online ethics education and to identify the instructional design components that may foster ethical practice. Applying the mixed methods approach, data were collected via a survey and semi-structured interviews among M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in science and engineering. The findings point toshow more
Jun 2020 Book: Teaching, Technology, and Teacher Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stories from the Field
Teaching Online Teaching: Using the Task-Centered Instructional Design Strategy for Online Computer Science Teachers’ Preparation
Due to its rapid changing nature, the field of Computer Science requires learners to develop self-directed online learning skills, and teachers to develop online teaching skills. In this paper, we describe the instructional approach we used in the Methods of Teaching Computer Science (MTCS) course, in which we utilized t he task-centered instructional strategy withinshow more
30 May 2020 International Journal of Environmental and Science Education
Science literacy in action: understanding scientific data presented in a citizen science platform by non-expert adults
אורינות מדעית בפעולה: הבנת נתונים מדעיים המוצגים בפלטפורמת מדע אזרחי על ידי מבוגרים שאינם מומחים

מדע אזרחי משנה את האופן בו נוצר ידע מדעי, ובו אזרחים משתתפים במחקר מדעי פעיל ומאגרי נתונים מדעיים נפתחים לגישה ציבורית. עם זאת, זמינות הנתונים אינה מבטיחה שימוש ציבורי או את הרלוונטיות של משאבים אלה. מאמר זה עוסק בדרכים בהן מבוגרים שאינם מומחים המעורבים ביוזמת מדע אזרחי, תופסים, מבינים ומשתמשים במידע מדעי. המשתתפים השיבו לשאלון מקוון המציג נתוני איכות אוויר מפלטפורמת המדע האזרחי "חשים את האוויר" ולאחריה סדרה של שאלות פרשנות. התוצאות מדגימות כי 70% מהמשתתפים הצליחו לפרש את הנתונים השונים. לא נמצאו הבדלים בין מין, גיל או רמת השכלה. עם זאת, משיבים עם השכלה מדעית גבוהה השיגו ציונים גבוהים יותר בממוצע. בקרב המשתמשים שהתנסו בעבר בפרויקט, הציונים הכלליים היו גבוהים יותר, וההבדלים על סמך ההשכלה המדעית של המשיבים היו פחותים. ממצאים אלו עשויים להצביע שעל אף החשיבות של חינוך מדעי בהבניית מיומנויות של פרשנות נתונים, זו אינה הדרך היחידה לרכוש מיומנויות אלה. מחקר זה מדגיש את יכולתם של אנשים שאינם מומחים להבין וליישם נתונים מדעיים במצבי יומיומיים ואת הפוטנציאל של מדע אזרחי לפתח כישורים מדעיים, מיומנויות והבנה מדעית - לקידום הדדי של שני התחומים.

Citizen science is transforming the ways scientific knowledge is created, in that citizens participate in active scientific research, and large scientific databases can be accessed online. However, data availability does not guarantee public use or the relevance of these resources. This paper addresses the ways in which non-expert adults involved in a citizen scienceshow more
25 May 2020 International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education
Integration of Arab Female Students at a Technological University-Narratives of Identity in Figured Worlds
This study deals with the academic identities of 13 female Arab students upon their entrance to STEM studies in a university in Israel. Female Arab students in a predominantly Jewish Israeli engineering institution face conflicting narratives regarding their ethnicity, gender, and its relation to possible success in university-level studies in general and mathematicalshow more
22 May 2020 Science Education
Can Science Literacy Help Individuals Identify Misinformation in Everyday Life
childhood vaccinations and anthropogenic climate change. Many people are misinformed about the scientific facts underlying these issues. In response, science educators have called for improvements in the public's science literacy, but it is not clear which components of science literacy would help individuals identify misinformation. In this position paper, we examineshow more
11 May 2020 Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Relationship Between Eye-Movement Patterns, Cognitive Load, and Reading Ability in Children with Reading Difficulties
Aya Ozeri-Rotstain, Ifaat Shachaf, Rola Farah, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
Children with reading difficulties (RD) share challenges in executive functions (EF). Neurobiological correlates provide evidence for EF challenges during reading among these readers, but an online cognitive load detection mechanism has yet to be developed. Nevertheless, eye-movement tracking can provide online data of reading patterns (pupil dilation, fixations) andshow more
11 May 2020 JAMA Pediatrics
Science Has Not Proven That Screen Use Impacts Children's Brain Development - Reply
John S Hutton, Jonathan A Dudley, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
In a response to our article, “Associations Between Screen-Based Media Use and Brain White Matter Integrity in Preschool-Aged Children,” Pall claims that findings of lower microstructural integrity and language and literacy skills correlated with higher screen use may be attributable to electromagnetic field (EMF) exposures. As mobile digital devices linked via wirelessshow more
4 May 2020 Environmental Education Research
The identity work of environmental education teachers in Israel
Noam Zaradez, Rakefet Sela-Sheffy, Tali Tal
Despite growing interest in promoting environmental education (EE), as in other countries, its status within the formal education system in Israel is still ambiguous and its effectiveness questionable. Proceeding from the view of structure-agent interdependency, the present study focuses on teachers’ identity as key to understanding the situation in their professionalshow more
28 Apr 2020 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Decreased Functional Connectivity Between the Left Amygdala and Frontal Regions Interferes With Reading, Emotional, and Executive Functions in Children With Reading Difficulties
Introduction: Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by significant difficulty in reading, as well as reports of altered executive functions (EF). Children with reading difficulties (RD) experience a broad range of social and emotional problems. Recently it was suggested that children with RD have altered functional connections within the amygdala, which is relatedshow more
27 Apr 2020 Behavioral and Brain Functions
Maternal depression is associated with altered functional connectivity between neural circuits related to visual, auditory, and cognitive processing during stories listening in preschoolers
Rola Farah, Paige Greenwood, Johnathan Dudley, John S Hutton, Robert T Ammerman, Kieran J Phelan, Scott K Holland, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
Background Maternal depression can influence the early activity of a mother reading stories to a young child, as depressed mothers are less likely to read to their children. Here, maternal depression association to neurobiological circuitry of narrative comprehension, visualization, and executive functions during stories listening was examined in 21 4-year-old girlsshow more
15 Apr 2020 Police Practice and Research
Discovering an organisational paradox: the reduction-expansion perceptions in a police training organisation
Sigalit Shahar, Orit Hazzan
In a dynamic and competitive environment, how do complex organisations maintain continuity and function without falling apart? This question will be examined in the context of the Israeli Police training organisation, which consists of several sub-organisations. Although they share similar goals, each has different objectives, trains police of different duties, andshow more
8 Apr 2020 Brain Structure & Function
Association between diffusivity measures and language and cognitive-control abilities from early toddler's age to childhood
Extensive improvements in executive functions and language abilities are accompanied by changes in functional connections within the brain and in gray and white matter during the first few years of life. Diffusion tensor imaging provides a unique look into pediatric brain anatomy and critical information regarding white-matter development. The aims of the current studyshow more
1 Apr 2020 Chemistry Education Research and Practice
Trends and Perceptions of Choosing Chemistry as a Major and a Career
In many countries, the choice of a STEM career, especially in chemistry, is decreasing. A shortage of appropriately skilled workers can become a threat to any country's future achievements. Our research strives to understand behavioral trends and career choice factors related to personal and environmental themes. Building on the foundations of the Social Cognitive Careershow more
Apr 2020 Assistive Technology Outcomes & Benefits
Text-to-Speech Technology: Enhancing Reading Comprehension for Students with Reading Difficulty
Jennifer L Keelor, Nancy A Creaghead, Noah H Silbert, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of text-to-speech (TTS) without highlighting, with highlighting, and with increased highlighting rate, on the reading comprehension of children with reading difficulties. Participants read six expository passages under the following conditions:(a) Silent Reading,(b) Reading Aloud,(c) Listening Only,(d) reading withshow more
2 Mar 2020 Science & Education
Conceptual Trends and Issues in Biology Didactics
We live in an era when the world is changing rapidly. However, recent changes are usually associated in people’s minds with unprecedented advances in digital technologies. In the face of these truly remarkable successes, which are widely advertised by the mass media, the scientific advances seem to be relatively minor. But this impression is inaccurate. The success ofshow more
25 Feb 2020 Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Involving schoolchildren in radon surveys by means of the "Radon Test" online system
Andrei Tsapalov, Konstantin Kovler, Maxim Shpak, Yevhenii Shafir, Yaela Naomi Golumbic, Aline Peri, Dani Ben-Zvi, Ayelet Baram-Tsabari, Tatiana Maslov, Odelia Schrire
שילוב תלמידים בסקר הראדון באמצעות המערכת המקוונת "בחינת ראדון"

מאמר זה סוקר את הפיתוח, יישום ושימוש של המערכת המקוונת "בחינת ראדון" לניטור ריכוזי גז ראדון מקומיים באמצעות מדע אזרחי בבית ספר. מדידת הראדון נעשית על ידי תלמידים בבתיהם ללא צורך במומחה ותוך שימוש באמצעי זול ומהלך פשוט של חשיפת בקבוקון פחם פעיל למשך 4-5 ימים בחדר הנבדק. המערכת המקוונת מאפשרת לתלמידים לשמור את נתוני הבדיקה ומיישמת עיקרון חלופי של בניית מפת נתוני ראדון, המציגה את הממצאים בצורה ברורה, תוך הקפדה על סודיות המשתתפים. תוצאות בדיקות הראדון הראשונות נידונות במאמר לצד הצגת דוגמאות למפות הראדון. לבסוף, מוצעת גישה לזיהוי יעיל של מבנים בעלי ריכוזי ראדון גבוהים, המבוססת על עקרון ויסות הראדון.

A 'citizen science' approach was evaluated as an approach to organize an extensive radon survey to be representative of the population of either single regions or a whole country. The "RadonTest" online system allowed schoolchildren to undertake and record short-term radon tests in their homes. Measurements were carried out in Israel using charcoal in miniature flaconsshow more
24 Feb 2020 Active Learning in College Science
Engineering Teachers’ Assessment Knowledge in Active and Project-Based Learning
An instructional framework that can help students succeed in the current labor force is project-based learning (PBL), which entails students researching and creating projects that reflect their knowledge. PBL implementation has been recently mandated in the Israeli high school science and engineering curriculum, but its effective implementation is impeded by challengesshow more
24 Feb 2020 Active Learning in College Science
Innovation in a MOOC: Project-Based Learning in the International Context
A current trend in STEM education is to harness the power and reach of massive open online courses (MOOCs) to impart to students the skill of innovation. Innovation is a major driver of economic growth and development and a required skill for engineering students. The literature advocates the use of project-based learning (PBL) for promoting innovation; yet, we lackshow more
21 Feb 2020 STEM Teachers and Teaching in the Digital Era
Emergent STEM Teaching Possibilities in an Era of Educational Technologies
This essay discusses three chapters in this volume: Milner-Bolotin, Deliberate pedagogical thinking with technology in STEM teacher education; Tabach & Trgalová, Teaching mathematics in the digital era: Standards and beyond; Zazkis, Technology in mathematics teacher education: On trust and pitfalls. Informed by theoretical constructs and frameworks such as of distributedshow more
17 Feb 2020 Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education
Establishing the validity and reliability of a modified tool for assessing innovative thinking of engineering students
The goal of this study was to establish the validity and reliability of a self-report tool for assessing individual differences in innovative thinking, based on a modification of the ‘innovative behavior scale’. A five-stage study was conducted among engineering students worldwide, who enrolled in a massive open online course in Nanotechnology and Nanosensors. Contentshow more
12 Feb 2020 Vaccine
Vaccine information seeking on social Q&A services
חיפוש מידע בנושא חיסונים בפלטפורמות של "שאלות ותשובות" ברשתות החברתיות

מומחים מביעים דאגה מהתפשטותו של מידע שגוי על חיסונים, מעמידותו ומתרומתו להססנות כלפי חיסונים. למרות זאת, רק תשומת לב מועטה הוקדשה להבנת האופן שבו הציבור מחפש מידע על חיסונים באינטרנט ולהבנת האופן שבו הוא מעריך את אמינותו. שיערנו שהורים הססנים מעדיפים מקורות אמינים שנתפסים כבעלי ידע רלוונטי, יושרה ותום לב. חקרנו סוגיה זו בעזרת 4,910 שאלות ו-2,583 תשובות שאוחזרו מתוך שתי פלטפורמות מקוונות לשו"ת: הפלטפורמה "Yahoo! Answers" וקבוצת הפייסבוק "מדברים על חיסונים". נבדקו  נושאי השאלות, המידה שבה השאלות כוונו באופן מפורש למומחים או לעמיתים, והערכת הגולשים לתשובות שניתנו בפלטפורמה "Yahoo! Answers", באמצעות ניתוח תוכן וניסוי מקוון. הממצאים מצביעים על כך שהתפלגות נושאי השאלות משתנה בין פלטפורמות שונות, אך בשתי הפלטפורמות, רוב השאלות לא כוונו באופן מפורש למומחים או לניסיון של עמיתים, מה שעשוי להיות מוסבר כניסיון מצד השואלים להשיג תשובה מהירה ובלתי פורמלית, או כניסיון להשיג מידע נוסף או מידע חלופי לידע המקובל. גם תשובות התומכות בהתחסנות וגם תשובות המתנגדות לה נמצאו בקרב ה"תשובות הטובות ביותר" לשאלות על חיסונים, וזאת ביחס פרופורציונלי לשכיחותן מתוך כלל התשובות, מה שמעיד על כך שגם מידע שגוי זוכה לעתים קרובות להערכה גבוהה בסביבות מקוונות. עם זאת, ברגרסיה לוגיסטית נמצא כי לתשובה שנכתבה על ידי איש מקצוע מתחום הבריאות היה סיכוי גדול מפי שניים להיבחר כ"תשובה הטובה ביותר" מתשובות אחרות, מה שמרמז על הערכה כלפי מומחיות בסביבות אלו. עם זאת, בניסוי שנערך עם משתתפים חיצוניים לפלטפורמה, נמצא כי המשתתפים דירגו את האמינות של התשובות בעיקר בהתבסס על היחס שלהן לחיסונים, כאשר תשובות שתמכו בהתחסנות זכו לדירוג גבוה יותר, וזאת במתאם חיובי עם עמדות המשתתפים כלפי חיסונים. מנגד, למומחיות המשיב הייתה אמנם השפעה פחותה על דירוגי האמינות, אך זו עדיין הייתה מובהקת. הממצאים מחזקים את ההשערה שמענה של מומחים לשאלות בסביבות מקוונות עשוי לסייע בהתמודדות עם תופעת ההססנות כלפי חיסונים.

Experts are concerned about the spread and recalcitrance of vaccine misinformation and its contribution to vaccine hesitancy. Despite this risk, little research attention has been paid to understanding how individuals seek vaccine information online and evaluate its trustworthiness. Here, we hypothesized that when vaccine-hesitant parents seek information about vaccinesshow more
10 Feb 2020 Brain Imaging and Behavior
The neural basis of executive functioning deficits in adolescents with epilepsy: a resting-state fMRI connectivity study of working memory
Ana M Gutierrez-Colina, Jennifer Vannest, Thomas Maloney, Shari L Wade, Angela Combs, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus, Avani C Modi
Working memory deficits are common in youth with epilepsy and consistently associated with long-term negative outcomes. Existing research on the neural basis of working memory disruptions in pediatric epilepsy is limited. The question of whether differences in the functional connectivity of neural networks underlie working memory disruptions in pediatric patients withshow more
3 Feb 2020 ICMI STUDY 25 Conference Proceedings
Metacognitive Processes in Online Collaborative Problem Solving Forums: Mathematics Teachers’ Dual Roles
Zehavit Kohen, Nelly Keller, Boris Koichu
Collaborative mathematical problem solving, such as in Problem Solving Forums (PSF), was found to contribute to solvers' ability to handle challemging mathematical problems. Due to the important role of metacognition in directing learning processes, the current study goal is to examine the metacognitive process among teachers who collaboratively solve challenging problemsshow more
3 Feb 2020 ICMI STUDY 25 Conference Proceedings
The Realization Tree Assessment (RTA) Tool as a Representation of Explorative Teaching
We offer a new representation of mathematics teaching–the Realization Tree Assessment (RTA) tool–and exemplify how it may be productive for teachers' collaborative discussions on explorative teaching. The RTA assists in explicating the mathematical object that is at the core of a task together with its different realizations. It was originally used for assessment ofshow more
Feb 2020 IEEE Transactions on Education
Model-Based Systems Thinking: Assessing Engineering Student Teams
Contribution: A rubric for assessing the systems thinking expressed in conceptual models of technological systems has been constructed and assessed using a formal methodology. The rubric, a synthesis of prior findings in science and engineering education, forms a framework for improving communication between science and engineering educators. Background: Systemsshow more
30 Jan 2020 Brain and Cognition
Maternal reading and fluency abilities are associated with diffusion properties of ventral and dorsal white matter tracts in their preschool-age children
Rola Farah, Jon Dudley, John S Hutton, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
Early language exposure and shared parent–child reading, as assessed by maternal reading ability and fluency, affect the child’s future language and cognitive abilities. The aim of the current study was to explore the association between maternal reading ability and fluency and diffusion properties of language- and cognition-related white matter tracts in their pre-schoolshow more
30 Jan 2020 Acta Paediatrica
Reading in children with drug-resistant epilepsy was related to functional connectivity in cognitive control regions
Dror Kraus, Jennifer Vannest, Ravindra Arya, John S Hutton, James L Leach, Francesco T Mangano, Jeffrey R Tenney, Anna W Byars, Thomas G DeWitt, Tzipi Horowitz-Kraus
Aim This study aimed to define whether individuals with drug‐resistant focal epilepsy also used regions related to cognitive control to facilitate reading. Methods We focused on patients with drug‐resistant focal epilepsy in 2011‐2014, who were aged 8‐20 years and were being treated at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital, USA. They performed a verb generation functionalshow more
23 Jan 2020 Public Understanding of Science
The experts' perspective of "ask-an-expert": An interview-based study of online nutrition and vaccination outreach
הפרספקטיבה של המומחה ב-"שאל את המומחה": מחקר מבוסס ראיונות בנושאי הנגשת נושאי החיסונים והתזונה ברשת
הרשתות החברתיות מאפשרות למומחים ליצור קהילות ולקיים דו-שיח ישיר עם הציבור, מה שעשוי לקדם הבנה הדדית ביניהם. עם זאת, רק מעט יודע על השתתפותם של מומחים בקהילות מקוונות, או על דרכים אפקטיביות להכשרת מומחים לתקשורת המדע בסביבות אלה. חקרנו סוגיה זו תוך התמקדות במומחים שמשתתפים בהתנדבות בפלטפורמות מקוונות ובשיקולים שמנחים אותם בהשתתפות זו. לצורך כך, ערכנו עשרים ראיונות מאזכרים עם מומחים המשתתפים בקבוצות פייסבוק לשאלות ותשובות בענייני מדע ובריאות: "מדברים על חיסונים" ו"תשאלו דיאטנית". הממצאים מלמדים שהמומחים פועלים לפי מערך שיקולים מגוון, שנועד, בין היתר, לבסס אמינות אפיסטמית בעיני השואלים ומתבוננים מן הצד. שיקולים אלה משתייכים לשלוש מטרות ולשני אילוצים: הפרכת מידע שגוי, ביסוס תום לב וביסוס יכולות מקצועיות תוך שמירה על יושרה ועל בהירות. מהממצאים עולה שכשל אמפתי ושחיקה משבשים את היכולת לבסס תום לב. אנו דנים בהשלכות של ממצאים אלו להמשגת "אוריינות מדעית ברמת הקהילה" ובנוסף לכך, אנו טוענים שעל סמך ממצאים אלו ניתן לזהות ידע ומיומנויות שרצוי ללמד במסגרות להכשרת מומחים לתקשורת המדע.
Social media allow experts to form communities and engage in direct dialogue with publics, which can promote mutual understanding between sciences and publics. However, little is known about experts' participation in online communities, or effective ways to prepare them for public engagement. Here, we explored these issues with experts who voluntarily engage with publicsshow more
16 Jan 2020 Chemistry Education Research and Practice
How to promote chemical literacy? On-line question posing and communicating with scientists
Facilitating students' chemical literacy is a focal point of current science education. This study examines views of chemists and chemistry teachers on chemical literacy and, more broadly, on scientific literacy of four kinds of stakeholders: scientists, teachers, STEM students, and the educated public. We explored the views of 347 participants, representing the fourshow more
13 Jan 2020 2019 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings
Supporting productive exploration in invention activities: are simulations too challenging?
Jonathan Massey-Allard, Ido Roll, Joss Ives
Studies show that invention activities, where students invent a general rule from provided resources before receiving direct instruction on the target topic, are particularly beneficial for learning outcomes. For most common implementations of invention activities, students are provided with instructor-designed contrasting cases with which to invent their rule. Alternativelyshow more
10 Jan 2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Robot-Supported Collaborative Learning (RSCL): Social Robots as Teaching Assistants for Higher Education Small Group Facilitation.
Rinat B Rosenberg-Kima, Yaacov Koren, Goren Gordon
Acknowledging the benefits of active learning and the importance of collaboration skills, the higher education system has started to transform toward utilization of group activities into lecture hall culture. In this study, a novel interaction has been introduced, wherein a social robot facilitated a small collaborative group activity of students in higher educationshow more
8 Jan 2020 Plos One
Can scientists fill the science journalism void? Online public engagement with science stories authored by scientists
In many countries the public's main source of information about science and technology is the mass media. Unfortunately, in recent years traditional journalism has experienced a collapse, and science journalism has been a major casualty. One potential remedy is to encourage scientists to write for news media about science. On these general news platforms, scientists'show more
3 Jan 2020 European Journal of Teacher Education
Experiences of Preservice Teachers Exposed to Project-Based Learning
Dina Tsybulsky, Michal Gatenio-Kalush, Musa Abu Ganem, Etty Grobgeld
This is a qualitative study that examines Jewish and Bedouin preservice teachers' (n = 76) meaningful experiences in a project-based learning framework, in which they participated as part of their pedagogical coursework. The main goal of the study is to gain insight into participants’ meaningful experiences, i.e. thoughts, feelings, and emotions related to the PBLshow more
Jan 2020 Advancing Educational Research With Emerging Technology
Linguistic Analysis of Science Teachers' Narratives Using AntConc Software
This chapter presents the linguistic analysis of science teachers' narratives regarding their worldviews in the digital age and their views of technology. The analysis was performed using Laurence Anthony's software AntConc, which is suitable for analyzing large data corpora. The language behavior of the following groups of teachers was analyzed by exploring threeshow more
2020 Book: Deeper Learning, Dialogic Learning, and Critical Thinking
AugmentedWorld : A location-based question-generating platform as a means of promoting 21st-century skills
This chapter introduces a new web-based platform named AugmentedWorld that was designed to allow science teachers and students to generate location-based multimedia-rich questions. A study among 98 pre-service science teachers indicated that deep learning of science concepts can be promoted by generating and solving interactive questions connected to a specific locationshow more
2020 Global Journal of Engineering Education
Importance of technical and soft skills: electronics students' and teachers' perspectives
In light of the gap between the qualifications of engineering and technology programme graduates and those required in the industry, the importance assigned by students and teachers to the technical and soft skills required of two-year electronics programme graduates is examined. Forty-four electronics students and 13 electronics teachers from a two-year college inshow more