Political Psychology
1 Jun 2021 Political Psychology
What It Means to (Mis)Trust: Forced Migration, Ontological (In)Security, and the Unrecognized Political Psychology of the Israeli-Lebanese Conflict
Abstract
What does it mean to search for trust—the constitutive element of feeling ontologically secure—in the context of protracted conflict, trauma, and forced migration? This article addresses this key question in ontological security (OS) studies in International Relations (IR) by analyzing an unrecognized consequence of the Israeli‐Lebanese conflict: a Lebanese communityshow more
Journal of Cold War Studies
21 May 2021 Journal of Cold War Studies
An Ounce of Prevention-A Pound of Cure? The Reagan Administration’s Nonproliferation Policy and the Osirak Raid
Giordana Pulcini, Or Rabinowitz
Abstract
The Israeli raid in June 1981 against the Osirak nuclear reactor in Iraq has been extensively analyzed by scholars, especially in the context of debate about the efficacy of preemptive strikes against hostile nuclear programs. Yet surprisingly, some important historical questions have been left unanswered: how did the raid affect the Reagan administration’s nuclearshow more
Foreign Policy Analysis
20 May 2021 Foreign Policy Analysis
Reframing, Remorse, and Reassurance: Remedial Work in Diplomatic Crises
Abstract
This paper suggests a framework for studying how remedial actions are deployed following diplomatic crisis. On the basis of thirty-four case studies and twenty-one interviews with senior statespersons, we offer a novel typology of remedial strategies employed for diffusing interstate tension and pinpoint the various calculations taken by decision-makers in performingshow more
Language & Communication
26 Apr 2021 Language & Communication
“Flattery helps”: Relational practices in statecraft
Abstract
This paper provides an explanation for how coworkers manage to cultivate close relationships in an extremely competitive workplace. Our case study is the workplace of statespersons, considered an impersonal, rule-governed, and interest-motivated social environment, and as such, provides indications for how counterparts overcome alienation and suspicion in developingshow more
External Powers in Latin America
22 Apr 2021 External Powers in Latin America
Israel-Latin America relations: What has changed in the past decade and why?
Abstract
This chapter examines the evolution of the relationship between Israel and Latin America in general and with specific countries in the region in particular. The 21st century has witnessed the adoption of very antagonistic and very emphatic positions towards Israel by several important Latin American countries. Following a succinct review of the gradual development ofshow more
British Journal of Political Science
22 Apr 2021 British Journal of Political Science
Against the Flow: Differentiating Between Public Opposition to the Immigration Stock and Flow
Yotam Margalit, Omer Solodoch
Abstract
Vast research on immigration lumps together native citizens' attitudes toward two different groups: the immigrant stock of non-naturalized resident aliens, and the immigrant flow, that is, the future arrival of foreigners seeking to enter and live in the country. Does popular opposition to immigration distinguish between the two, and if so, how? This article analyzesshow more
ISA 2021 Annual Convention
7 Apr 2021 ISA 2021 Annual Convention
The Concept, Practice, and Relevance of ‘International Society’ in the 21st Century
Abstract
In this paper, I suggest to update and apply the concept and practice of “international society,” as developed in the classic book by Hedley Bull (1977), by assessing its relevance in the third decade of the 21st century. Among the subjects to be covered I include the following: (1) the rise of non-state actors; (2) the impact of globalization; (3) and approaches toshow more
Journal of Common Market Studies
4 Apr 2021 Journal of Common Market Studies
Mostly in its Backyard: Security Provisions in EU Economic Agreements
Abstract
Economic agreements concluded between the EU and third parties increasingly take on security matters, such as counter‐terrorism, nuclear proliferation and international criminal law. Highlighting the remarkable variation in the presence and content of these security non‐trade issues (SNTIs), we argue that it is best explained by the EU's intensity of foreign policyshow more
Journal of World Trade
Apr 2021 Journal of World Trade
Labelling Settlement Products: When EU Consumer Law Meets Public International Law (But Ignores International Trade Law)
Abstract
How should products produced in occupied territories be labelled for export? In recent years, Courts in the UK and Canada addressed this technical yet politically-charged question, in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. More recently, the Court of Justice of the EU was asked to determine the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law of indication ofshow more
Cover Image
Apr 2021
Concepts at Work: On the Linguistic Infrastructure of World Politics
Abstract
Concepts are socially and linguistically constructed and used for multiple purposes, such as justifying war in the name of democracy; or, using the idea of democracy to resist Western intervention and influence. In this fascinating and novel edited collection, Piki Ish-Shalom and the contributors interrogate the “conceptions of concepts” in international relations. Usingshow more
Review of International Organizations
29 Mar 2021 Review of International Organizations
Measuring Institutional Overlap in Global Governance
Yoram Z Haftel, Tobias Lenz
Abstract
Over the past decade, an increasingly sophisticated literature has sought to capture the nature, sources, and consequences of a novel empirical phenomenon in world politics: the growing complexity of global governance. However, this literature has paid only limited attention to questions of measurement, which is a prerequisite for a more comprehensive understanding ofshow more
New Political Economy
25 Mar 2021 New Political Economy
Light at the End of the Panel: The Gaza Strip and the Interplay Between Geopolitical Conflict and Renewable Energy Transition
Abstract
Renewable energy transition is one of the keys to mitigating climate change. While attention has been given to various economic, institutional, technological, and sociocultural barriers to this transition, it is unclear how acute interstate conflict shadowed by geopolitical forces shapes the deployment of renewables. The literature is split between those who speculateshow more
Solar Energy
25 Mar 2021 Solar Energy
The impact of community split on the acceptance of wind turbines
Abstract
Public acceptance is critical to the successful implementation of renewable energy policy. Most of the literature on public acceptance within the community framework has focused on the tension between neighboring communities or the conflict between state planning processes and the needs of local communities. The community, in these cases, is often categorized as ashow more
International History Review
23 Mar 2021 International History Review
‘Arrow’ Mythology Revisited: The Curious Case of the Reagan Administration, Israel and SDI Cooperation
Abstract
When the Reagan administration first invited Israel to join the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) in 1985, Israel was only expected to play a relative minor role in the program and bid for non-sensitive research grants. However, starting in 1986, the focus of the endeavor began to shift. In time, the US was funding Israeli efforts to indigenously develop the Arrow, ashow more
International Political Sociology
22 Mar 2021 International Political Sociology
Foodways and Foodwashing: Israeli Cookbooks and the Politics of Culinary Zionism
Ilan Zvi Baron, Galia Press-Barnathan
Abstract
The paper explores the political narratives produced in English-language Israeli cookbooks. We examine an understudied, yet central component of everyday international relations, everyday nationalism, and identity contestations as practiced through gastronomy, and highlight the dilemma between the different political uses of popular culture in the context of conflictshow more
International Organization
16 Mar 2021 International Organization
Regaining Control? The Political Impact of Policy Responses to Refugee Crises
Abstract
In response to the political turmoil surrounding the recent refugee crisis, destination-countries swiftly implemented new immigration and asylum policies. Are such counter-crisis policies effective in mitigating political instability, by reducing anti-immigrant backlash and support for radical-right parties? The present study exploits two surveys that were coincidentallyshow more
Review of Policy Research
12 Mar 2021 Review of Policy Research
Comparative Energy Regionalism: North America and the European Energy Community
Abstract
Although literature on energy cooperation highlights that cooperation is more successful at the regional level, it largely fails to understand and conceptualize energy cooperation as part of the wider phenomenon of regionalism. Energy cooperation tends to be analyzed through prisms of security and geopolitics, thus, downplaying other important regional integrationshow more
International Studies Quarterly
8 Mar 2021 International Studies Quarterly
Give Peace a Plan: Peace Plans as Diplomatic Tools and Textual Agents in Conflict Areas
Abstract
Various conflict areas have faced situations of deadlock after repeated rounds of violence and failed negotiations. In such cases, international actors have used the strategy of drafting, presenting, and promoting a peace plan that addresses the main issues in the conflict and formulates a basis for negotiation and agreement. The article analyzes peace plans as a strategyshow more
History of European Ideas
4 Mar 2021 History of European Ideas
‘Contesting Teutomania’: Robert Gordon Latham, ‘race’, ethnology and historical migrations
Abstract
The essay elucidates the intellectual and historiographical phenomenon of migration to the forefront by engaging with the perceptions of the Teutonic/Germanic migrations of the fifth century among a few major Victorian ethnologists and historians. It focuses particularly on the unique view of the ethnologist and philologist Robert Gordon Latham (1812–88). While manyshow more
International Relations
1 Mar 2021 International Relations
The strategic use of normative arguments in international negotiations
Abstract
This article claims that normative arguments play a greater role in negotiations than existing scholarship implies. While the approaches of communicative and rhetorical action limit the use of arguments to environments that meet certain conditions, in fact normative arguments are widely used and can be found in almost every example of negotiations. This article seeksshow more
Book: Explaining the Practical Purchase of Soft Law
Mar 2021 Book: Explaining the Practical Purchase of Soft Law
Competing and Complementary Behavioral Hypotheses
Abstract
Why do international and domestic legal actors employ and even apply international soft law sources, although these sources are not legally binding? In this chapter, after surveying different ways in which soft law is employed and applied in international and domestic courts, we offer several rational choice and behavioral hypotheses regarding the influence of soft lawshow more
Urban Geography
1 Feb 2021 Urban Geography
Limited urban citizenship: the case of community councils in East Jerusalem
Abstract
Urban environments are often disputed over issues of class, gender, ethnicity, and race. Urban citizenship within such spaces has been found to be fragmented, or even ‘dark.’ This paper focuses on the role of an intermediary institution, the Community Council (CC), in the contested city of (East) Jerusalem. Building on in-depth interviews and site visits, we suggestshow more
Journal of International Relations and Development
11 Jan 2021 Journal of International Relations and Development
Exploring the foreign policies of populist governments: (Latin) America First
Abstract
How do populists conduct foreign policy? The existing literature on populism focuses mainly on domestic patterns, and until recently the foreign dimension of populism has been largely overlooked. This paper aims to fill theoretical and empirical lacunae by mapping patterns of change and continuity in the formulation of geopolitical and economic international policyshow more
Temple International & Comparative Law Journal
6 Jan 2021 Temple International & Comparative Law Journal
Introduction: Sociological Perspectives on International Tribunals
Abstract
International tribunals are embedded in certain communities (e.g., regional, ideological, or professional groups), and they reflect and affect socio-cultural patterns prevailing in those communities. While the work of tribunals involves numerous socio-cultural issues, this Introduction only briefly addresses certain interactions between tribunals and social factors andshow more
The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics
Jan 2021 The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics
Energy as an Instrument in Global Politics
Abstract
Oil and natural gas have frequently been used as instruments of foreign policy. While scholars have given substantial attention to the economics of exports and imports, much less has been paid to theorizing how energy can be its own type of carrot or stick, influencing international relations around the world. Future scholarship should focus on developing foreign policyshow more
Latin American Research Review
22 Dec 2020 Latin American Research Review
Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows in the Americas
Abstract
This article introduces an analytical framework to explain the coexistence of peaceful borders and illicit transnational flows as evidenced by drug trafficking, human trafficking and smuggling, weapons trafficking, and terrorism in the Americas, a region characterized by international peace, domestic peace, and regional integration. Under the assumption that peacefulshow more
Forthcoming in
17 Dec 2020 Forthcoming in" International Law’s Invisible Frames–Social Cognition and Knowledge Production in International Legal Processes"(Andrea Bianchi & Moshe Hirsch eds., Oxford University Press, 2021)., Hebrew University of Jerusalem International Law Forum Working Series [10-20]
Prosociality, International Law and Humanitarian Intervention
Abstract
A significant insight of behavioral economics and social psychology, well-established through experimental research, is that actors often display “social preferences”, other-regarding or non-self-interested motivations and choices in their decision-making. Contrary to the assumptions of rational choice theory, people may have only ‘bounded selfishness’ in the decisionsshow more
Cooperation and Conflict
6 Dec 2020 Cooperation and Conflict
What makes them tick: Challenging the impersonal ethos in International Relations:
Abstract
International Relations scholars and practitioners commonly agree that relationships in world politics are managed impersonally. Personal connections between agents of states are perceived as having only little impact on foreign policy of states. The current article challenges this impersonal ethos, suggesting that personal relationships play an important role inshow more
Leiden Journal of International Law
2 Dec 2020 Leiden Journal of International Law
Social Movements, Reframing Investment Relations, and Enhancing the Application of Human Rights Norms in International Investment Law
Abstract
The recent moderate trend to increasingly apply human rights law in investment awards is accompanied by certain new investment treaties which include expressed human rights provisions. An analysis of recent investment awards indicates that though there are some 'winds of change' in this field, it is equally noticeable that human rights law is far from being mainstreamedshow more
Leiden Journal of International Law
19 Nov 2020 Leiden Journal of International Law
Not all Rights are Created Equal: A Loss-Gain Frame of Investor Rights and Human Rights
Tomer Broude, Caroline Henckels
Abstract
International investment tribunals often use the language of ‘rights’ to characterize foreign investors’ claims against host states, evoking the language of human rights and, in some cases, appearing to conflate the two concepts. We investigate the cognitive framing of the relationship between investor rights and human rights in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS)show more
International Interactions
8 Nov 2020 International Interactions
Categorization in international organizations
Abstract
This paper explores why certain IOs officially categorize their member-states while others do not. It also examines the specific problems that categorization mechanisms are intended to solve. Building on theories of rational design, I argue that categorization is intended to provide a solution to cooperation problems in IOs and assist in preventing possible defectionsshow more
Handbook of Space Security: Policies, Applications and Programs
9 Oct 2020 Handbook of Space Security: Policies, Applications and Programs
Israel's Approach Towards Space Security and Sustainability
Deganit Paikowsky, Tal Azoulay, Isaac Ben-Israel
Abstract
In the last 30 years, Israel developed an indigenous space capability to launch, develop, operate, and maintain satellites in two main niche areas: Earth observation and communications, including the ground segment of communications satellites. Israel’s space program was born out of national security needs. However, it has led to the growth of a commercial space sectorshow more
The Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations
8 Oct 2020 The Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations
The Middle East and Peaceful Change
Abstract
The Middle East is often considered a war zone, and it rarely comes to mind as a region that includes cases of peaceful change. Yet several examples of peaceful change can be identified at different levels of analysis: international, regional, interactive, and domestic. This chapter first critically examines the impact of the broader global/systemic level of analysisshow more
The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration
Oct 2020 The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration
Arbitration from a Law & Economics Perspective
Anne Van Aaken, Tomer Broude
Abstract
This chapter offers a Law & Economics (L&E) perspective on international arbitration. L&E scholars tend to view dispute resolution as a market. They thus look at the supply and demand of such third-party adjudication, usually comparing litigation to arbitration. Predominantly, in the literature, there are two interrelated L&E perspectives on this: one is focused on theshow more
The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration
Oct 2020 The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration
The Sociological Dimension of International Arbitration
Abstract
This chapter addresses the sociological dimension of international arbitration. Sociological analysis of international arbitration begins from the premise that individuals’ behaviour and normative choices are significantly affected by sociocultural factors and processes. Indeed, the behaviour of actors participating in international arbitration is not isolated from itsshow more
Common Market Law Review
Oct 2020 Common Market Law Review
Mandatory labelling of origin of products from territories occupied by Israel and the weight of public international law: Psagot
Abstract
The judgment annotated concerns the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law for the indication of the origin of products produced in settlements situated in territories occupied by the State of Israel, namely the Golan Heights, the West Bank and East Jerusalem (hereafter “the Territories”). More specifically, it addresses the question raised b the French Conseilshow more
Annual Review of Psychology
14 Sep 2020 Annual Review of Psychology
Prejudice Reduction: Progress and Challenges
Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Roni Porat, Chelsey S Clark, Donald P Green
Abstract
The past decade has seen rapid growth in research that evaluates methods for reducing prejudice. This essay reviews 418 experiments reported in 309 manuscripts from 2007 to 2019 to assess which approaches work best and why. Our quantitative assessment uses meta-analysis to estimate average effects. Our qualitative assessment calls attention to landmark studies that areshow more
Researching Peace, Conflict, and Power in the Field
30 Aug 2020 Researching Peace, Conflict, and Power in the Field
Implementing Social-Psychological Interventions in the Field: Insights From the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Roni Porat, Tamar Saguy
Abstract
Despite the rapidly growing number of scholars actively studying conflict resolution, collaborations between academics and practitioners are scarce, with social psychology playing little to no role in the design of new field-based programs. In this chapter, we draw on our experiences from the Israeli-Palestinian context and suggest that one core reason for this disconnectshow more
Political Studies
28 Aug 2020 Political Studies
Do Sociotropic Concerns Mask Prejudice? Experimental Evidence on the Sources of Public Opposition to Immigration:
Abstract
Does opposition to immigration mostly stem from prejudice or from sociotropic concerns about broad economic and cultural implications on the nation as a whole? Previous work on immigration preferences cannot answer this question because the two explanations are observationally equivalent when focusing on the attitudes of natives. I analyze a unique survey experimentshow more
Cover Image
24 Aug 2020
Regular Soldiers, Irregular War: Violence and Restraint in the Second Intifada
Abstract
By going inside military field units and exploring their patterns of command and control, Regular Soldiers, Irregular War, sheds new light on the dynamics of violence and restraint in counterinsurgency.
International Studies Quarterly
27 Jul 2020 International Studies Quarterly
The Short and Long(er) of It: The Effect of Hard Times on Regional Institutionalization
Abstract
What are the implications of hard economic times for regional economic cooperation? Existing research is sharply divided on the answer to this question. Some studies suggest that economic crises encourage governments to strengthen their regional institutions, but others indicate that they lead to decreasing investment in such initiatives. Both sides overlook theshow more
Pacific Review
3 Jul 2020 Pacific Review
Balancing effectiveness with geo-economic interests in multilateral development banks: the design of the AIIB, ADB and the World Bank in a comparative perspective
Abstract
Since its inception in December of 2015, scholars and policy-makers have been debating the motivations behind the design of the AIIB. This paper advances this debate by exploring whether and how the AIIB’s structure follow the design pattern of other leading MDBs, and how well did it manage to integrate institutional effectiveness considerations with promoting itsshow more
Climatic Change
1 Jul 2020 Climatic Change
Design and change in transboundary freshwater agreements
Charlotte De Bruyne, Itay Fischhendler, Yoram Z Haftel
Abstract
This paper presents a systematic assessment of transboundary water treaties and their institutional evolution over time. While the majority of treaties tend to remain unchanged, others are renegotiated over time, either gradually by treaty amendment or abruptly by treaty replacement. This study examines the sources of treaty amendment, treaty replacement, and renegotiationshow more
Edward Elgar Publishing
29 May 2020 Edward Elgar Publishing
Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law
Andrew Lang, Moshe Hirsch
Abstract
Bringing together a highly diverse body of scholars, this comprehensive Research Handbook explores recent developments at the intersection of international law, sociology and social theory. It showcases a wide range of methodologies and approaches, including those inspired by traditional social thought as well as less familiar literature, including computationalshow more
Energies
18 May 2020 Energies
Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs: A Conceptual Framework
Abstract
The adoption of renewable energies contributes to sustainable development worldwide. Entrepreneurs are key agents in facilitating their promotion, as they improve the mix of the means of production and thus transform renewable energy technologies into viable energy systems. Nonetheless, the literature tends to treat entrepreneurs as a homogeneous group, thus preventingshow more
International Affairs
1 May 2020 International Affairs
The multilevel identity politics of the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest
Abstract
This article uses the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) that took place in Tel Aviv to explore how cultural mega-events serve both as political arenas and as tools for identity construction, negotiation and contestation. These processes of identity politics are all conducted across national–subnational–international–transnational levels. The hosting of mega-eventsshow more
Cognition & Emotion
8 Apr 2020 Cognition & Emotion
Developing ReApp: an emotion regulation mobile intervention for intergroup conflict
Roni Porat, Lihi Erel, Vered Pnueli, Eran Halperin
Abstract
People living in areas of intractable conflicts experience extreme negative emotions which ultimately lead to support of aggressive policies. Emotion regulation and particularly cognitive reappraisal has been found to be effective in reducing negative emotional experiences and shifting policy preferences. Therefore, it is important to develop scalable, evidence-basedshow more
Journal of Conflict Resolution
26 Mar 2020 Journal of Conflict Resolution
Framing the Narrative: Female Fighters, External Audience Attitudes, and Transnational Support for Armed Rebellions:
Devorah S Manekin, Reed M Wood
Abstract
Female combatants play a central role in rebel efforts to cultivate and disseminate positive narratives regarding the movement and its political goals. Yet, the effectiveness of such strategies in shaping audience attitudes or generating tangible benefits for the group remains unclear. We propose and test a theory regarding the channels through which female fightersshow more
Middle East Journal
1 Mar 2020 Middle East Journal
The Road Not Taken: the Amirav-Husayni Peace Initiative of 1987
Abstract
In the summer of 1987, Israeli citizens Moshe Amirav and David Ish Shalom initiated a secret unofficial negotiation channel with Palestinian leaders Faysal al-Husayni and Sari Nusseibeh, with the approval of the Palestine Liberation Organization leadership and the acknowledgment of senior members of Israel's ruling Likud party. But the attempt to turn the Amirav-Husaynishow more
Emotion
Feb 2020 Emotion
Group-based emotion regulation: A motivated approach
Abstract
The regulation of group-based emotions has gained scholarly attention only in recent years. In this article, we review research on group-based emotion regulation, focusing on the role of motivation and distinguishing between different emotion regulation motives in the group context. For that purpose, we first define group-based emotions and their effects on both intragroupshow more