• 17 Sep 2021 Journal Article International Affairs

    Conflict and cooperation in the age of COVID-19: the Israeli–Palestinian case

    How do disasters influence conflict and diplomacy in conflict areas? The scholarship shows that while they can provide opportunities for cooperation and ‘disaster diplomacy’ between parties to a conflict, they can also intensify tension and hostility. This article uses the Israeli–Palestinian conflict during the COVID-19 pandemic as a case study, exploring the impact… show more
  • 14 Sep 2021 Journal Article American Political Science Review

    Effective for Whom? Ethnic Identity and Nonviolent Resistance

    Devorah S Manekin, Tamar Mitts
    A growing literature finds that nonviolence is more successful than violence in effecting political change. We suggest that a focus on this association is incomplete, because it obscures the crucial influence of ethnic identity on campaign outcomes. We argue that because of prevalent negative stereotypes associating minority ethnic groups with violence, such groups are… show more
  • Sep 2021 Edited Volume

    International Law's Invisible Frames: Social Cognition and Knowledge Production in International Legal Processes

    Andrea Bianchi, Moshe Hirsch
    What is international law, and how does it work? This book argues that our answers to these fundamental questions are shaped by a variety of social cognition and knowledge production processes. These processes act as invisible frames, through which we understand international law. To better conceive the frames within which international law moves and performs, we must… show more
  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article World Trade Review

    High-Income Developing Countries, FDI Outflows and the International Investment Agreement Regime

    Yoram Z Haftel, Soo Yeon Kim, Lotem Bassan-Nygate
    The international investment agreement regime (IIA Regime) is composed of thousands of IIAs and a system of investor–state dispute settlement. Historically, high-income developing countries (HIDCs) were part of the global South and thus ‘hosts’ of foreign direct investment (FDI). Increasingly, however, these countries have become ‘home’ to investors who are hosted and… show more
  • 25 Aug 2021 Journal Article Energy Research and Social Science

    Penny wise or pound foolish? Compensation schemes and the attainment of community acceptance in renewable energy


    Compensation provision is a strategy used by developers and regulators to pacify local opposition and to reduce the costs and risks of project delays and potential cancellations. While compensation is widely used, understanding what compensation should accomplish is implicit in the rationales of different compensation schemes. This review explicates the possible

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  • 30 Jul 2021 Book Chapter Latin America in Global International Relations

    Alternative World Orders in an Age of Globalization: Latin American Scenarios and Responses

    In this chapter, we argue that there has been a rich and not-enough-emphasized literature from the Latin American region that has suggested responses, complementary and alternative scenarios to the world orders formulated in the North. We examine the Latin American responses and reactions to alternative world orders in analytical and normative terms. First, we assess… show more
  • 29 Jul 2021 Journal Article International Political Sociology

    Foodways and Foodwashing: Israeli Cookbooks and the Politics of Culinary Zionism

    Ilan Zvi Baron, Galia Press-Barnathan
    The paper explores the political narratives produced in English-language Israeli cookbooks. We examine an understudied, yet central component of everyday international relations, everyday nationalism, and identity contestations as practiced through gastronomy, and highlight the dilemma between the different political uses of popular culture in the context of conflict… show more
  • 19 Jul 2021 Journal Article Security Studies

    Partnership in Leadership: Why and How Do Leading Powers Extend Managerial Privileges to Junior Partners?

    This article seeks to explain states’ success, either full or partial, in obtaining a place in an exclusive managerial forum and the managerial privileges this entails. We argue that the ability to join an exclusive forum and gain these privileges depends on three factors: the extent to which the potential junior partners’ assets seem attractive to the forum’s leaders;… show more
  • 1 Jun 2021 Journal Article Political Psychology

    What It Means to (Mis)Trust: Forced Migration, Ontological (In)Security, and the Unrecognized Political Psychology of the Israeli‐Lebanese Conflict

    What does it mean to search for trust—the constitutive element of feeling ontologically secure—in the context of protracted conflict, trauma, and forced migration? This article addresses this key question in ontological security (OS) studies in International Relations (IR) by analyzing an unrecognized consequence of the Israeli‐Lebanese conflict: a Lebanese community… show more
  • Jun 2021 Book

    The Unintended Consequences of Peace: Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows

    Scholars of international relations generally consider that under conditions of violent conflict and war, smuggling and trans-border crime are likely to thrive. In contrast, this book argues that in fact it is globalisation and peaceful borders that have enabled transnational illicit flows conducted by violent non-state actors, including transnational criminal organizations… show more
  • 28 May 2021 Journal Article Journal of Cold War Studies

    An Ounce of Prevention—A Pound of Cure? The Reagan Administration's Nonproliferation Policy and the Osirak Raid

    Giordana Pulcini, Or Rabinowitz
    The Israeli raid in June 1981 against the Osirak nuclear reactor in Iraq has been extensively analyzed by scholars, especially in the context of debate about the efficacy of preemptive strikes against hostile nuclear programs. Yet surprisingly, some important historical questions have been left unanswered: how did the raid affect the Reagan administration’s nuclear… show more
  • 20 May 2021 Journal Article Foreign Policy Analysis

    Reframing, Remorse, and Reassurance: Remedial Work in Diplomatic Crises

    This paper suggests a framework for studying how remedial actions are deployed following diplomatic crisis. On the basis of thirty-four case studies and twenty-one interviews with senior statespersons, we offer a novel typology of remedial strategies employed for diffusing interstate tension and pinpoint the various calculations taken by decision-makers in performing… show more
  • 4 May 2021 Journal Article Review of International Political Economy

    Islamic legal tradition and the choice of investment arbitration forums

    Does domestic legal tradition affect international cooperation and legalization? Recent studies indicate that states with Islamic law tradition (ILT) prefer more informal forums to resolve international disputes, compared to states with other legal traditions. We examine this claim in the context of the increasingly important global investment regime. We argue, specifically… show more
  • 26 Apr 2021 Journal Article Language & Communication

    “Flattery helps”: Relational practices in statecraft


    This paper provides an explanation for how coworkers manage to cultivate close relationships in an extremely competitive workplace. Our case study is the workplace of statespersons, considered an impersonal, rule-governed, and interest-motivated social environment, and as such, provides indications for how counterparts overcome alienation and suspicion in developing

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  • 22 Apr 2021 Book Chapter External Powers in Latin America

    Israel-Latin America relations: What has changed in the past decade and why?

    This chapter examines the evolution of the relationship between Israel and Latin America in general and with specific countries in the region in particular. The 21st century has witnessed the adoption of very antagonistic and very emphatic positions towards Israel by several important Latin American countries. Following a succinct review of the gradual development of… show more
  • 22 Apr 2021 Journal Article British Journal of Political Science

    Against the Flow: Differentiating Between Public Opposition to the Immigration Stock and Flow

    Yotam Margalit, Omer Solodoch
    Vast research on immigration lumps together native citizens' attitudes toward two different groups: the immigrant stock of non-naturalized resident aliens, and the immigrant flow, that is, the future arrival of foreigners seeking to enter and live in the country. Does popular opposition to immigration distinguish between the two, and if so, how? This article analyzes… show more
  • 7 Apr 2021 Conference Paper ISA 2021 Annual Convention

    The Concept, Practice, and Relevance of ‘International Society’ in the 21st Century

    In this paper, I suggest to update and apply the concept and practice of “international society,” as developed in the classic book by Hedley Bull (1977), by assessing its relevance in the third decade of the 21st century. Among the subjects to be covered I include the following: (1) the rise of non-state actors; (2) the impact of globalization; (3) and approaches to… show more
  • 4 Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of Common Market Studies

    Mostly in its Backyard: Security Provisions in EU Economic Agreements

    Economic agreements concluded between the EU and third parties increasingly take on security matters, such as counter‐terrorism, nuclear proliferation and international criminal law. Highlighting the remarkable variation in the presence and content of these security non‐trade issues (SNTIs), we argue that it is best explained by the EU's intensity of foreign policy… show more
  • Apr 2021 Journal Article Journal of World Trade

    Labelling Settlement Products: When EU Consumer Law Meets Public International Law (But Ignores International Trade Law)

    How should products produced in occupied territories be labelled for export? In recent years, Courts in the UK and Canada addressed this technical yet politically-charged question, in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. More recently, the Court of Justice of the EU was asked to determine the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law of indication of… show more
  • Apr 2021 Edited Volume

    Concepts at Work: On the Linguistic Infrastructure of World Politics

    Concepts are socially and linguistically constructed and used for multiple purposes, such as justifying war in the name of democracy; or, using the idea of democracy to resist Western intervention and influence. In this fascinating and novel edited collection, Piki Ish-Shalom and the contributors interrogate the “conceptions of concepts” in international relations. Using… show more
  • 29 Mar 2021 Journal Article Review of International Organizations

    Measuring institutional overlap in global governance

    Yoram Z Haftel, Tobias Lenz
    Over the past decade, an increasingly sophisticated literature has sought to capture the nature, sources, and consequences of a novel empirical phenomenon in world politics: the growing complexity of global governance. However, this literature has paid only limited attention to questions of measurement, which is a prerequisite for a more comprehensive understanding of… show more
  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article Solar Energy

    The impact of community split on the acceptance of wind turbines

    Public acceptance is critical to the successful implementation of renewable energy policy. Most of the literature on public acceptance within the community framework has focused on the tension between neighboring communities or the conflict between state planning processes and the needs of local communities. The community, in these cases, is often categorized as a… show more
  • 25 Mar 2021 Journal Article New Political Economy

    Light at the End of the Panel: The Gaza Strip and the Interplay Between Geopolitical Conflict and Renewable Energy Transition

    Renewable energy transition is one of the keys to mitigating climate change. While attention has been given to various economic, institutional, technological, and sociocultural barriers to this transition, it is unclear how acute interstate conflict shadowed by geopolitical forces shapes the deployment of renewables. The literature is split between those who speculate… show more
  • 23 Mar 2021 Journal Article International History Review

    ‘Arrow’ Mythology Revisited: The Curious Case of the Reagan Administration, Israel and SDI Cooperation

    When the Reagan administration first invited Israel to join the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) in 1985, Israel was only expected to play a relative minor role in the program and bid for non-sensitive research grants. However, starting in 1986, the focus of the endeavor began to shift. In time, the US was funding Israeli efforts to indigenously develop the Arrow, a… show more
  • 12 Mar 2021 Journal Article Review of Policy Research

    Comparative Energy Regionalism: North America and the European Energy Community

    Although literature on energy cooperation highlights that cooperation is more successful at the regional level, it largely fails to understand and conceptualize energy cooperation as part of the wider phenomenon of regionalism. Energy cooperation tends to be analyzed through prisms of security and geopolitics, thus, downplaying other important regional integration… show more
  • 8 Mar 2021 Journal Article International Studies Quarterly

    Give Peace a Plan: Peace Plans as Diplomatic Tools and Textual Agents in Conflict Areas

    Various conflict areas have faced situations of deadlock after repeated rounds of violence and failed negotiations. In such cases, international actors have used the strategy of drafting, presenting, and promoting a peace plan that addresses the main issues in the conflict and formulates a basis for negotiation and agreement. The article analyzes peace plans as a strategy… show more
  • 4 Mar 2021 Journal Article History of European Ideas

    ‘Contesting Teutomania’: Robert Gordon Latham, ‘race’, ethnology and historical migrations

    The essay elucidates the intellectual and historiographical phenomenon of migration to the forefront by engaging with the perceptions of the Teutonic/Germanic migrations of the fifth century among a few major Victorian ethnologists and historians. It focuses particularly on the unique view of the ethnologist and philologist Robert Gordon Latham (1812–88). While many… show more
  • 1 Mar 2021 Journal Article International Relations

    The strategic use of normative arguments in international negotiations

    This article claims that normative arguments play a greater role in negotiations than existing scholarship implies. While the approaches of communicative and rhetorical action limit the use of arguments to environments that meet certain conditions, in fact normative arguments are widely used and can be found in almost every example of negotiations. This article seeks… show more
  • Mar 2021 Book Chapter International Law as Behavior

    Competing and Complementary Behavioral Hypotheses

    Why do international and domestic legal actors employ and even apply international soft law sources, although these sources are not legally binding? In this chapter, after surveying different ways in which soft law is employed and applied in international and domestic courts, we offer several rational choice and behavioral hypotheses regarding the influence of soft law… show more
  • 1 Feb 2021 Journal Article Urban Geography

    Limited urban citizenship: the case of community councils in East Jerusalem

    Urban environments are often disputed over issues of class, gender, ethnicity, and race. Urban citizenship within such spaces has been found to be fragmented, or even ‘dark.’ This paper focuses on the role of an intermediary institution, the Community Council (CC), in the contested city of (East) Jerusalem. Building on in-depth interviews and site visits, we suggest… show more
  • 11 Jan 2021 Journal Article Journal of International Relations and Development

    Exploring the foreign policies of populist governments: (Latin) America First

    How do populists conduct foreign policy? The existing literature on populism focuses mainly on domestic patterns, and until recently the foreign dimension of populism has been largely overlooked. This paper aims to fill theoretical and empirical lacunae by mapping patterns of change and continuity in the formulation of geopolitical and economic international policy… show more
  • 6 Jan 2021 Journal Article Temple International & Comparative Law Journal

    Introduction: Sociological Perspectives on International Tribunals

    International tribunals are embedded in certain communities (e.g., regional, ideological, or professional groups), and they reflect and affect socio-cultural patterns prevailing in those communities. While the work of tribunals involves numerous socio-cultural issues, this Introduction only briefly addresses certain interactions between tribunals and social factors and… show more
  • 1 Jan 2021 Journal Article International Organization

    Regaining Control? The Political Impact of Policy Responses to Refugee Crises

    In response to the political turmoil surrounding the recent refugee crisis, destination countries swiftly implemented new immigration and asylum policies. Are such countercrisis policies effective in mitigating political instability by reducing anti-immigrant backlash and support for radical-right parties? The present study exploits two surveys that were coincidentally… show more
  • Jan 2021 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics

    Energy as an Instrument in Global Politics

    Oil and natural gas have frequently been used as instruments of foreign policy. While scholars have given substantial attention to the economics of exports and imports, much less has been paid to theorizing how energy can be its own type of carrot or stick, influencing international relations around the world. Future scholarship should focus on developing foreign policy… show more
  • 22 Dec 2020 Journal Article Latin American Research Review

    Peaceful Borders and Illicit Transnational Flows in the Americas

    This article introduces an analytical framework to explain the coexistence of peaceful borders and illicit transnational flows as evidenced by drug trafficking, human trafficking and smuggling, weapons trafficking, and terrorism in the Americas, a region characterized by international peace, domestic peace, and regional integration. Under the assumption that peaceful… show more
  • 6 Dec 2020 Journal Article Cooperation and Conflict

    What makes them tick: Challenging the impersonal ethos in International Relations

    International Relations scholars and practitioners commonly agree that relationships in world politics are managed impersonally. Personal connections between agents of states are perceived as having only little impact on foreign policy of states. The current article challenges this impersonal ethos, suggesting that personal relationships play an important role in… show more
  • 2 Dec 2020 Journal Article Leiden Journal of International Law

    Social Movements, Reframing Investment Relations, and Enhancing the Application of Human Rights Norms in International Investment Law

    The recent moderate trend to increasingly apply human rights law in investment awards is accompanied by certain new investment treaties which include expressed human rights provisions. An analysis of recent investment awards indicates that though there are some 'winds of change' in this field, it is equally noticeable that human rights law is far from being mainstreamed… show more
  • 19 Nov 2020 Journal Article Leiden Journal of International Law

    Not all Rights are Created Equal: A Loss-Gain Frame of Investor Rights and Human Rights

    Tomer Broude, Caroline Henckels
    International investment tribunals often use the language of ‘rights’ to characterize foreign investors’ claims against host states, evoking the language of human rights and, in some cases, appearing to conflate the two concepts. We investigate the cognitive framing of the relationship between investor rights and human rights in investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS)… show more
  • 8 Nov 2020 Journal Article International Interactions

    Categorization in international organizations

    This paper explores why certain IOs officially categorize their member-states while others do not. It also examines the specific problems that categorization mechanisms are intended to solve. Building on theories of rational design, I argue that categorization is intended to provide a solution to cooperation problems in IOs and assist in preventing possible defections… show more
  • 9 Oct 2020 Book Chapter Handbook of Space Security: Policies, Applications and Programs

    Israel's Approach Towards Space Security and Sustainability

    Deganit Paikowsky, Tal Azoulay, Isaac Ben-Israel
    In the last 30 years, Israel developed an indigenous space capability to launch, develop, operate, and maintain satellites in two main niche areas: Earth observation and communications, including the ground segment of communications satellites. Israel’s space program was born out of national security needs. However, it has led to the growth of a commercial space sector… show more
  • 8 Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of Peaceful Change in International Relations

    The Middle East and Peaceful Change

    The Middle East is often considered a war zone, and it rarely comes to mind as a region that includes cases of peaceful change. Yet several examples of peaceful change can be identified at different levels of analysis: international, regional, interactive, and domestic. This chapter first critically examines the impact of the broader global/systemic level of analysis… show more
  • 1 Oct 2020 Journal Article Journal of Conflict Resolution

    Framing the Narrative: Female Fighters, External Audience Attitudes, and Transnational Support for Armed Rebellions

    Devorah S Manekin, Reed M Wood
    Female combatants play a central role in rebel efforts to cultivate and disseminate positive narratives regarding the movement and its political goals. Yet, the effectiveness of such strategies in shaping audience attitudes or generating tangible benefits for the group remains unclear. We propose and test a theory regarding the channels through which female fighters… show more
  • Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration

    The Sociological Dimension of International Arbitration

    This chapter addresses the sociological dimension of international arbitration. Sociological analysis of international arbitration begins from the premise that individuals’ behaviour and normative choices are significantly affected by sociocultural factors and processes. Indeed, the behaviour of actors participating in international arbitration is not isolated from its… show more
  • Oct 2020 Journal Article Common Market Law Review

    Mandatory labelling of origin of products from territories occupied by Israel and the weight of public international law: Psagot

    The judgment annotated concerns the mandatory requirements under EU consumer law for the indication of the origin of products produced in settlements situated in territories occupied by the State of Israel, namely the Golan Heights, the West Bank and East Jerusalem (hereafter “the Territories”). More specifically, it addresses the question raised b the French Conseil… show more
  • Oct 2020 Book Chapter The Oxford Handbook of International Arbitration

    Arbitration from a Law & Economics Perspective

    Anne Van Aaken, Tomer Broude
    This chapter offers a Law & Economics (L&E) perspective on international arbitration. L&E scholars tend to view dispute resolution as a market. They thus look at the supply and demand of such third-party adjudication, usually comparing litigation to arbitration. Predominantly, in the literature, there are two interrelated L&E perspectives on this: one… show more
  • 14 Sep 2020 Journal Article Annual Review of Psychology

    Prejudice Reduction: Progress and Challenges

    Elizabeth Levy Paluck, Roni Porat, Chelsey S Clark, Donald P Green
    The past decade has seen rapid growth in research that evaluates methods for reducing prejudice. This essay reviews 418 experiments reported in 309 manuscripts from 2007 to 2019 to assess which approaches work best and why. Our quantitative assessment uses meta-analysis to estimate average effects. Our qualitative assessment calls attention to landmark studies that are… show more
  • 1 Sep 2020 Journal Article Climatic Change

    Design and change in transboundary freshwater agreements

    Charlotte De Bruyne, Itay Fischhendler, Yoram Z Haftel
    This paper presents a systematic assessment of transboundary water treaties and their institutional evolution over time. While the majority of treaties tend to remain unchanged, others are renegotiated over time, either gradually by treaty amendment or abruptly by treaty replacement. This study examines the sources of treaty amendment, treaty replacement, and renegotiation… show more
  • 30 Aug 2020 Book Chapter Researching Peace, Conflict, and Power in the Field

    Implementing Social-Psychological Interventions in the Field: Insights From the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    Roni Porat, Tamar Saguy
    Despite the rapidly growing number of scholars actively studying conflict resolution, collaborations between academics and practitioners are scarce, with social psychology playing little to no role in the design of new field-based programs. In this chapter, we draw on our experiences from the Israeli-Palestinian context and suggest that one core reason for this disconnect… show more
  • 28 Aug 2020 Journal Article Political Studies

    Do Sociotropic Concerns Mask Prejudice? Experimental Evidence on the Sources of Public Opposition to Immigration:

    Does opposition to immigration mostly stem from prejudice or from sociotropic concerns about broad economic and cultural implications on the nation as a whole? Previous work on immigration preferences cannot answer this question because the two explanations are observationally equivalent when focusing on the attitudes of natives. I analyze a unique survey experiment… show more
  • 24 Aug 2020 Book

    Regular Soldiers, Irregular War: Violence and Restraint in the Second Intifada

    By going inside military field units and exploring their patterns of command and control, Regular Soldiers, Irregular War, sheds new light on the dynamics of violence and restraint in counterinsurgency.
  • 27 Jul 2020 Journal Article International Studies Quarterly

    The Short and Long(er) of It: The Effect of Hard Times on Regional Institutionalization

    What are the implications of hard economic times for regional economic cooperation? Existing research is sharply divided on the answer to this question. Some studies suggest that economic crises encourage governments to strengthen their regional institutions, but others indicate that they lead to decreasing investment in such initiatives. Both sides overlook the… show more
  • 3 Jul 2020 Journal Article Pacific Review

    Balancing effectiveness with geo-economic interests in multilateral development banks: the design of the AIIB, ADB and the World Bank in a comparative perspective

    Since its inception in December of 2015, scholars and policy-makers have been debating the motivations behind the design of the AIIB. This paper advances this debate by exploring whether and how the AIIB’s structure follow the design pattern of other leading MDBs, and how well did it manage to integrate institutional effectiveness considerations with promoting its… show more
  • 29 May 2020 Edited Volume Edward Elgar Publishing

    Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law

    Moshe Hirsch, Andrew Lang
    Bringing together a highly diverse body of scholars, this comprehensive Research Handbook explores recent developments at the intersection of international law, sociology and social theory. It showcases a wide range of methodologies and approaches, including those inspired by traditional social thought as well as less familiar literature, including computational… show more
  • 18 May 2020 Journal Article Energies

    Renewable Energy Entrepreneurs: A Conceptual Framework

    The adoption of renewable energies contributes to sustainable development worldwide. Entrepreneurs are key agents in facilitating their promotion, as they improve the mix of the means of production and thus transform renewable energy technologies into viable energy systems. Nonetheless, the literature tends to treat entrepreneurs as a homogeneous group, thus preventing… show more
  • 1 May 2020 Journal Article International Affairs

    The multilevel identity politics of the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest

    This article uses the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest (ESC) that took place in Tel Aviv to explore how cultural mega-events serve both as political arenas and as tools for identity construction, negotiation and contestation. These processes of identity politics are all conducted across national–subnational–international–transnational levels. The hosting of mega-events… show more
  • 8 Apr 2020 Journal Article Cognition & Emotion

    Developing ReApp: an emotion regulation mobile intervention for intergroup conflict

    Roni Porat, Lihi Erel, Vered Pnueli, Eran Halperin
    People living in areas of intractable conflicts experience extreme negative emotions which ultimately lead to support of aggressive policies. Emotion regulation and particularly cognitive reappraisal has been found to be effective in reducing negative emotional experiences and shifting policy preferences. Therefore, it is important to develop scalable, evidence-based… show more
  • 1 Mar 2020 Journal Article Middle East Journal

    The Road Not Taken: the Amirav-Husayni Peace Initiative of 1987

    In the summer of 1987, Israeli citizens Moshe Amirav and David Ish Shalom initiated a secret unofficial negotiation channel with Palestinian leaders Faysal al-Husayni and Sari Nusseibeh, with the approval of the Palestine Liberation Organization leadership and the acknowledgment of senior members of Israel's ruling Likud party. But the attempt to turn the Amirav-Husayni… show more
  • Feb 2020 Journal Article Emotion

    Group-based emotion regulation: A motivated approach

    The regulation of group-based emotions has gained scholarly attention only in recent years. In this article, we review research on group-based emotion regulation, focusing on the role of motivation and distinguishing between different emotion regulation motives in the group context. For that purpose, we first define group-based emotions and their effects on both intragroup… show more
  • Feb 2019 Book

    The Political Morality of the Late Scholastics: Civic Life, War and Conscience

    Daniel R Schwartz
    The Late Scholastics, writing in Europe in the Baroque and Early Modern periods, discussed a wide variety of moral questions relating to political life in times of both peace and war. Is it ever permissible to bribe voters? Can tax evasion be morally justified? What are the moral duties of artists? Is it acceptable to fight in a war one believes to be unjust? May we… show more